Skip to main content

Full text of "Wellesley magazine"

See other formats


ds •*" 





A Bird's-eye View of European Politics . . Luise C. M. Habermeyer 365 

Spanish Dancing Song . . . . . . Lillian Corbett Barnes, '91 375 

Ibsen's Few Plat Mildred Feeny 376 

A Botany Lesson 381 

A Taste of Hawaiian Royalty Mabel Wing Castle 382 

Dorothy McEain Lilian B. Quinby 384 

Waking-Time Ada May Krecker 388 

A Chiel's Among You Taking Notes M.K.I. 389 

Editorial 393 

The Free Press: 

Voluntary Chapel Frances H. Lucas 396 

Exchanges 399 

Clippings 401 

Book Reviews 403 

College Notes 403 

Society Notes 40T 

Alumnae Notes . 409 

College Bulletin 411 

Births and Deaths 412 

Entered in the Post-office at Weliesley, Mass., as second-class matter. 


L. P. Hollander & Co., 

BOSTON: 202 to 212 Boylston St., and Park Sq. 

NEW YORK: 290 Fifth Avenue 

NEWPORT: Casino Building 

Summer Specialties for Young Ladies. 

BOATING and OUTING WAISTS, in Silks, Percales and Cheviots. 

OUTING DRESSES, in Serges, Hop-sackings, Piques, Linen Ducks, etc. 

ENGLISH SAILOR HATS in New Shapes and Novelties in Braids, the 
largest assortment in the City. 

PARASOLS — Unique and original in design, all made expressly for us 
abroad. Changeable and Plain Silks at $5.00. 


:eru~s:E3:To:cNr s 

Light Cedar Boats and Canoes. 


^ lHuA^ES^^S 1 ^Z^^r-L^^i 

Tennis Goods, Racquets, etc. Skates, Dumb Bells, 
Indian Clubs. Fine French Opera Glasses. Leather 
Dogskin Walking and Exercising Jackets, for both ladies 
and gentlemen, soft as kid, used in riding, skating, etc.; 
impervious to cold. 


New Mail Safety Cycles, 

Laiies' Pattern, $100. 


1 07 Washington Street, - - BOSTON. 


of evepg de§©piptior>. 

The latest in style, best in quality, at moderate price* 

Gymnasium ehces of all kinds at low price*. 

Special discount to Wcllesley Students and Teachers. 


47 T e A\pls piaee, B0$50)f 


W, ^Wl&vWM-'QAA' U\VaC{Ql^VWQy. 


Vol. I. WELLESLEY, MAY 13, 1893. No. 8. 










The Wellesley Magazine is published monthly, from October to June, by a board of editors chosen 
from the Senior Class. 

All literary contributions may be sent to Miss Mary K. Conyngton, Wellesley College, Wellesley, Mass. 

All items of college interest, and communications to be inserted in the department of Free Press, will be 
received by Miss Anna K. Peterson, Wellesley College, Wellesley, Mass. 

All alumna news should be sent to Miss Maude R. Keller, Wellesley, Mass. 

Advertising business is conducted by Miss Florence M. Tobey, Wellesley College, Wellesley, Mass. 

Subscriptions to the Magazine and other business communications in all cases should be sent to Miss Helen 
R. Stahr, Wellesley College, Wellesley, Mass. 

Terms, $2.00 per year ; single copies 25 cents. 


THE past of continental Europe throbs with life and interest for the ear- 
nest student of history. Of not less interest is the present with its 
preparation, with its steady development of events, far reaching in their 
significance and of such a nature that politicians are fearful for the final 
outcome. He who has watched, either personally in Europe or through 
papers and magazines, the progress of European politics from the fall of the 
French Empire to the discharge of Bismarck, has seen an important part of 
history unfold. Momentous events have followed one another in rapid suc- 
cession : The establishment of the German Empire in 1870 ; the entrance of 
Victor Emanuel into the new capital of Italy in 1871 ; the calling of Prince 
Amadeus Aosta in 1870, and his abdication in 1873; the taking possession 
of the vacant throne in Spain by Alfonso XII. in 1874 ; and the bankruptcy 


of the Spanish finances in the same year; the death of Victor Emanuel and 
Humbert's accession to the throne in 1878. A great political change came 
when, by the death of Czar Alexander II. in 1881, the " Dreikaiserbund- 
niss," which had been the guarantee of peace, was broken. But of even 
greater import was the death of the peace-loving Emperor Wilhelm of Ger- 
many, followed by the deaths of the much-beloved Emperor Friedrich and 
of Alfonso XII. of Spain ; the tragic end of the noble Bavarian King, Lud- 
wig II., and the suicide or murder of the Austrian crown-prince, Rudolf. 
Alexander von Battenberg was then elected Prince of Bulgaria in 1879, and 
by a conspiracy, concerted by the Russians, was dethroned in 1886. Then 
Prince Ferdinand von Coburg was elected to Bulgaria. The European 
powers only tolerated and did not recognize him — Russia strongly opposed 
and still opposes him. The comedy of King Milan's abdication and divorce 
is one of the many minor events of this teeming period ; one of the greatest 
is the discharge of Bismarck and the deplorable fight against him. In Rus- 
sia, Nihilism carried on its dark work; later, anarchism did its work of de- 
struction in France. Worthy of mention are the great, though somewhat 
melo-dramatic, rise and the tragic end of Boulanger, and the almost innum- 
erable overthrows of cabinets in France and elsewhere, not to forget the 
somewhat lively sessions of the French parliament. 

To-day, the attention of the world is mainly directed toward the Panama 
scandal and the new military bill in "Germany. The Panama scandal 
shows to the world, which looks at it with amazement, a sad picture of a 
never suspected corruption. From one hundred to one hundred and fifty 
ministers, senators, and deputies are branded as having received bribes from 
the Panama Company. In whom shall a nation believe, if it can not be- 
lieve in its ministers, senators, and deputies? What a sad role has Charles 
de Lesseps, "the great Frenchman," the man to whom the whole nation, the 
whole world even, looked up with admiration, to play now ! Did he really 
intend to do wrong? Surely not. He started the whole enterprise with 
the optimism peculiar to his nature and genius, trusting the business to the 
guidance of a kind star. But, in business questions, if one trusts to aught 
else than business-like work and dealings, the star followed will not fail to 
prove a will-of-the-wisp, which will lead to ruin. This is true of the Pan- 
ama case, where money has been spent in a way unparalleled in the whole 


business world. The Panama Company has used the sum of fourteen 
hundred million francs entrusted to it — -the savings of half a million work- 
men and peasants — and yet for really useful work only a tenth part of this 
money has been spent. Beside the enormous sums which have been used 
for bribes and traveling expenses, there remain three hundred million 
francs unaccounted for in the report. What has become of this monej' is a 
secret which has not been revealed and perhaps never will be. That the in- 
dignation of the French people is great is not to be wondered at. The Roy- 
alists try to use this very indignation in their favor, proclaiming that the 
Republic is rotten to the core, and asserting that monarchy alone can give 
France a strong and stable government. But their time is not yet come 
if, indeed, it be ever to come again. The experiences of France with the 
monarchical form of government have been such that she is not likely to 
try this form soon again. 

If the present situation in France continues, one may expect something 
extraordinary to happen at any time, since it is a diplomatic practice of old 
to disregard internal troubles in seeking foreign wars. The new military 
bill proves that Germany wishes to be prepared for all possible events. In 
the higher spheres there, belief in a not distant war has been often ex- 
pressed recently; but, doubtless, this danger is emphasized so much be- 
cause it is hoped thus to obtain the acceptance of the military bill. This 
bill, however, is of the greatest interest to all Europe, because it points to 
the possibility or rather, probability, of a coming war, in which, as matters 
lie, almost all the great European powers may be involved. In introducing 
the new bill, Germany does not intend to seek war, but simply to be armed 
so strongly that there will be very little danger of attack and that, if at- 
tacked, she may be able to fight under the most favorable circumstances. 

The declaration of Count Caprivi, on November 23, 1892, in the Reich- 
stag, that Germany must look forward to the probability of a war with two 
fronts, and his remark that the Triple Alliance is "perhaps as popular with 
no other of the three nations as with Germany," prove that German states- 
men are not relying on the Triple Alliance, which now takes the place of 
the former " Dreikaiserbundniss," but shows itself less strong and sure 
than the latter and is not, like it, a guarantee of peace, but only an alliance 
against the Russian pretensions in the Orient. It was formed because Rus- 


sia attempted to coerce Austria by way of Berlin. She even went so far as 
to threaten Austria with war. Bismarck then realized that it was in the 
interest of Germany to oppose Russia. He saw, as he said himself, that 
" to alienate ourselves from Austria necessarily meant that Germany would 
become a dependency of Russia if she did not Avant to be entirely isolated 
among the states." At the same time, he was well aware that even if Ger- 
many should, for a time, subordinate her own policy to that of Russia, she 
would be forced sometime to engage in war with Russia, even against her 
own will. It was then that, b} r the alliance with Austria, Germany escaped 
from the danger of becoming dependent on Russia and took her position of 
strict neutrality in the oriental question. In 1883 Italy joined the alliance 
because she had well-founded reasons to fear for her union and especially 
for her throne if she adopted a different policy. It is for this reason that 
the majority of Italians approved and approves the Triple Alliance. A 
closer relation with France can not fail to increase the republican ideas in 
Italy and to become thus dangerous to the monarchy itself. King Hum- 
bert knew, therefore, very well what he stood for when he declared in Berlin 
that the ministers in Italy may change but that the policy of the court will 
remain unchanged. However, Count Caprivi some time ago expressed his 
doubts as to the efficacy of the military aid which is to be expected from 
Italy. The main reason for this is probably to be sought in the financial 
condition of Italy, but perhaps also in the fact that there is a continual 
movement among the Italians which is not in favor of the Triple Alliance. 
This movement arises from those who desire the adoption of a policy in 
favor of France — perhaps in the hope that they may see Italy also become 
a Republic — and who, it may be, see in the distant background a Latin Re- 
public composed of France, Italy, Spain and Portugal. The movements in 
Spain and Portugal already point to this very issue. Germany, after con- 
sidering all these points, is therefore justified in not trusting too much in 
the alliance with Italy. Though it is stated by the French press that the 
Hungarians favor Russia more than Germany, it is unquestionably true only 
of certain individuals, for the Hungarians have always proved themselves 
politicians of great tact and foresight and are not likely to overlook the 
disadvantage of a Russophile policy in Austria. If Germany, then, tries to 
make herself strong enough to be able to take up the fight alone against two 


fronts, it does not mean that she considers the Triple Alliance superfluous, 
and so far neither Austria nor Italy so consider it. A war against two 
fronts means, of course, defense against a probable revenge-war on the part 
of France and a possible provocation on the part of Russia. 

As before said, Germany, upon the establishment of the German-Austrian 
alliance, assumed the role of neutrality in the oriental question. That is, 
Germany decided to keep in check the Russian, and also, if necessary, the 
Austrian aspirations in the Balkan and Turkey, in case of a liquidation 
of the latter, sooner or later. The Russian aspirations in the Orient are : Bul- 
garia, Constantinople, the Bosphorus, the Dardanelles, Asia Minor, and a part 
of Mesopotamia — which, if granted, would make Russia the most power- 
ful and, for the independence of the other states, the most dangerous state 
in Europe. That Russia is little pleased with the task Germany has under- 
taken of opposing all too great pretentions in the Orient is easily under- 
stood. Russia, therefore, for her part, opposes Germany's role of neutrality, 
saying that she is not impartial but partial, both for the English interests 
engaged in the Orient, and for the Austrian interests in the Balkans, and for 
Prince Ferdinand von Coburg, ruler of Bulgaria, whom the Russians and 
French call an agent of German}^ Bulgai'ia is, indeed, a child of sorrow to 
Russia and France and will sometime furnish the pretext for a war with 
Austria and Germany. Though matters in Bulgaria are better than they 
ever were, the French and Russian press is kept constantly busy in com- 
menting on and sharply criticising almost everything going on in Bulgaria. 
An outcry of indignation goes through French and Russian papers on ac- 
count of Stambuloff's dealing with the conspirators against the government 
and the life of the Prince. To read the French press one might believe 
these conspirators were not guilty and the proofs were all falsified — be- 
cause, as it is said, they say so in St. Petersburg. If it had not been 
proved beyond doubt that Russian agents used their influence and money 
against the Bulgarian government and Prince Ferdinand, one possibly 
might believe what the French press states as true. J. Adam expresses 
the French feeling concerning the Bulgarian question in saying: 
"Austria has not even the benefit of her Bulgarian intrigues. ... A third 
thief, England, has taken possession of Bulgaria, commercial]}', politically, 
and financiall}''. Recently she has almost officially recognized the Prince of 


Coburg, the Queen having received him as Prince of Bulgaria." With far 
more favor, Russia and France look upon Servia and the elections there : 
though disorder and passion ruled so that these elections proved, in the 
most literal sense, a fight for life and death, leaders of Liberals and Radi- 
cals having been killed. It is to be expected that the Radicals, who are in 
every way aided and protected by Russia, will be victorious. The signifi- 
cance of this is only understood fully when one realizes that no other state 
of the Balkans, not even Bulgaria, is of such importance to Russia and 
Austria as Servia. While Russia and France are evidently pleased with 
Servia, they look with anger upon Roumania, since Lord Salisbury has been 
to King Charles I. of Hohenzollern, as they call it, "adorable," adding in 
explanation that Roumania is so near Russia and that it will be, of course, 
useful to move all batteries against the great rival of England. 

Furthermore, they comment on the fact that King Charles has just 
ordered one hundred and ten thousand new guns in Steyr, and they remark, 
"Germany prepares her friends for the offensive role she intends to play 
before long." It is also declared that the English marriage of Prince 
Ferdinand of Roumania will serve England, whose policy is now to favor 
the Triple Alliance. As English interests are so very deeply engaged in 
the Orient, she must of course be in sympathy with the Triple Alliance for 
the sake of her own interests. 

France and Russia watch with intense interest the attitude which 
the new English Cabinet will take toward the Triple Aliance and the Bul- 
garian question. "II Corriera di Napoli " is said to have lately published a 
letter from Gladstone to Mr. Schillizzi — which he wrote before he was at 
the head of the Cabinet. In this letter he expresses his dislike for a 
double or triple alliance because, as he says, " the final consequences of such 
cannot be pacific." Now it remains to be seen how far Gladstone will be 
willing to sacrifice English interests in the Orient to European peace. 
Germany has no business and no desire to engage unnecessarily in a war 
with Russia and thus, as it were, to " take the chestnuts out of the fire " for 
England. Germany realizes well enough that a war with Russia would 
cost enormous sums and, even if she were victorious, only England would 
have the benefit of it. If the opposite were the case, Germany would see 
her future freedom in danger, if not already lost. There are, it is true, 


many Chauvinistes in Germany, too, but fortunately there are other classes 
also who consider the question of a possible defeat because they know it is 
impossible to foresee all possible events, lucky or unlucky chances, etc., 
on either side, in case of war. Germany has an unequalled army, it is true, 
but the bravery of the French army also is known. German military 
officers, who are most competent to judge speak in the highest praise of the 
French army and leave it an open question how the war of '70 would have 
turned out if France had had a genius equal to Moltke. The Russian 
soldier has also been supposed not to be worth much, but the report of Ger- 
man officers, who had opportunities to study the matter in Russia, is 
different. It is said that under the minister of war, Wanowski, matters 
have changed considerably for the better ; however, it is known of old that 
the Russian soldier is not only ready to die in battle but also, if necessary, 
to starve without complaint. The Austrian military record of 1866 is not 
favorable to its soldiers, but it is said that in Austria, too, the army has im- 
proved. The Italian army is good and well-disciplined, but as to its power 
of endurance and constancy opinions are divided. An important question, 
in case of war, will be that of the battle field. If it is in Germany, Germany 
will be devastated; if in Russia — and Russia certainly will try to have 
the war in winter — the climate will doubtless prove fatal to the foreign 
soldiers. As to the armament, each nation tries to outdo the others in pre- 
paring for a terrible war — and it will be a terrible war, a war such as the 
world has never seen. 

That the financial question of the standing armies is a serious one must 
not be overlooked : it has already proved serious in Italy where the deficit 
amounted to $47,000,000 according to the official report but, as many well-in- 
formed judges believe, to $75,000,000. France has increased her military 
budget; Russia has done the same, though her financial situation is known 
to be anything but a brilliant one ; Germany has increased her budget from 
$309,000,000 to $540,000,000 and, if the military bill passes, will increase it 
to about $700,000,000 ; it is said that Austria intends to increase her budget 
even more than she has already. In France, desperate efforts have been 
made to see the Russian financial condition in a rosy light, though Mr. E. de 
Cyan, in an article in " La Nouvelle Revue des Deux Mondes," shows that 
the financial reports are not only full of contradictions but also untrue. Mr. 


Witte has confessed to Mr. Sauvorine, the director of the " Nouveau 
Temps," that all the brilliant financial reports were not to he taken se- 
riously, since they were "only jokes in writing; numbers being put where 
they were needed, now on the left and now on the right, while in reality the 
treasury contained not a copeck." This statement and the fact that Rus- 
sia is trying again to place funds in foreign countries — about $5,000,000 of 
Russian funds have been already placed in France — shows that Russia will 
not very soon be able to engage again in war, especially as she is not }-et 
ready with her armament. But this only delays the question, unless the 
continual threat of war can be utterly done away with, as it should be in 
this age of culture and philanthropy. Recently the question was raised as 
to whether it would be possible to obtain a guarantee of peace by an agree- 
ment with Russia. If peace with Russia were assured, unquestionably 
France, without the hope of Russian aid, would not dare to attack Germany, 
and would finally learn to give up her pretensions to the originally German 
and now once more German provinces , Alsace and Lorraine, which the 
German chancellor lately said Germany would not give up until she had 
shed the last drop of blood in her veins. 

The question now is whether the Triple Alliance, for the sake of the sug- 
gested peace, would be willing to leave to Russia all she desires in the 
Orient. Of course not. Her pretensions ought then to be limited to what 
she can justly demand. This would be perhaps the right to pass the Dar- 
danelles and the Bosphorus with her fleet in every season, and to establish a 
port on the iEgean Sea for her war ships, since England, France, Austria, 
and Italy have ports there already. But the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles 
ought then to be made neutral and open for the entrance of all war ships 
into the Black Sea and, at the same time, the other great nations would have 
to obtain territory for war ports in the eastern parts of the Mediterranean 
and Black Seas. The solution of this question ought to be brought about 
by an international congress, which, after a careful examination of the mat- 
ter, would be able to finally settle the oriental question. Then Russia and 
France could use all their force and means for the development of their 
colonies, and Germany could begin a social reform, which is certainly the 
burning question and one of the greatest problems of the age — an ideal 
task, however difficult it may be. That this arrangement would not please 


England very well is sure, because her first and last thought is to preserve 
her commercial supremacy, which of course would become doubtful as soon 
as the oriental way — which in a case of supremacy means almost the empire 
and riches of the world — were open to all. England, then, seeing her hopes 
and aspirations thus vanish, would have to reinforce her maritime force in 
the iEgean and Black Seas. But it seems that England need not fear 
matters will take that course, for there is actually no statesman in Europe 
capable of directing matters this way, since Bismarck is out of the question. 
By the way, it is amusing to see how everything that goes wrong is attributed 
to Bismarck's influence: there is a certain party which would even like to 
make the nation believe Bismarck responsible for every adverse political 
event. Unfortunately for -them, facts belie their assertions. On the 16th of 
May, 1890, Caprivi declared in the Reichstag that his predecessor had left 
him the most favorable inheritance, as regards foreign politics. He said : 
" I have found circumstances which force' me at present to no action, to no 
personal participation, because circumstances are so clear and simple that 
they take care of themselves." Caprivi is unquestionably an excellent sol- 
dier and an absolutely honest man, but that he is a great statesman nobody 
can pretend. His lack of ability is shown, if in nothing else, by the fact that 
iinder his direction the extremely valuable possessions in Africa were given 
away for the little island of Heligoland, so that Stanley said, in a speech in 
London : " England got for a button a whole suit." It has been under the 
re'gime of Caprivi that matters have ceased to be what they were ; he was 
obliged to declare in the Reichstag, on November 23, 1892, that Germany 
had lost her military supremacy over Europe and that she might possibly 
have to undertake a war with two fronts ; also, that the Triple Alliance was 
perhaps with none of the three nations so popular as with us. What, then, 
brought about these great changes? The policy of the so-called " new 
course" has been named the "policy of misunderstanding," and this seems 
justifiable when one reads one day that this or that speech of the Emperor 
contained this or that misunderstanding, and also that Caprivi's speech in 
the military commission lias been entirely misunderstood. Was there ever 
misunderstanding when Bismarck delivered one of his powerful speeches? 
It was in his time only that Germany could really say : " We Germans fear 
God and nothing else in the world"; and when the Emperor lately repeated 



the same words — Bismarck's words — they could not and did not mean 
what they did in Bismarck's time. And yet what reward has the great man 
for making Germany what it is — perhaps it would be already truer to say: 
" what it was " ? When^Bismarck went to Vienna, to the wedding of his son, 
the court and the diplomats there were requested not to receive him and to 
stay away from the wedding. The result was that the Emperor of Austria 
did not receive Bismarck and the diplomats, with few exceptions, kept out of 
his way. But his return through Germany, his sojourn in Kissingen, proved 
that Germans are not, after all, quite as ungrateful as the government 
would lead the world to believe ; and although some courtiers and certain 
periodicals, who formerly paid servile respect to him, have found it necessary 
to change their tone toward Bismarck, since he is not any more in power, j r et 
this attitude is not to be thought a true exponent of the feeling of the Ger- 
man nation at large. Bismarck himself said in Kissingen that he was treated 
as a dangerous and suspicious person, but added the very instructive lesson 
"It is hurtful to the book if one attacks the author." 

As there is now no statesman able to control European politics as Bismarck 
formerly did, this continual threat of war, with the consequent necessity of 
keeping a large standing-army, must be at some time carried out. Hence 
Europe lives in the constant expectation of war. From which quarter the 
storm will burst can not be predicted. But it is to be expected in any case 
that Germany will take the defensive, not the offensive. For Russia and 
France to seek war may any day become a necessity on account of the 
domestic situation. If not before, when Turkey is forced to liquidate and 
the powers are obliged to make a stand for their respective claims in the 
Orient, war will inevitably be precipitated. It would be far better, if it can 
not be avoided, that it should take place in the not distant future, because 
the never-ceasing threat of war, with its pressure upon commerce and its 
absorption of public thought and energies, hinders the progress of the vital 
social questions — landers the ethical development of our times. 

Luise C. M. Habermeyer. 



Two and two upon the pier, 
Music drifting, 
Moonlight shifting, 
White-capped billows near — 
Two and two upon the pier! 

Deft brown fingers sweep the strings, 
Gladness flinging, 
Sadness bringing, 
Of remembered things; 
Deft brown fingers sweep the strings ! 

Young and old the measure keep, 
Joyance taking, 
Laughter waking 
Nightingales asleep; 
Young and old the measure keep ! 

Sun must rise and dance be done ; 
Y r et beguiling, 
Weeping, smiling, 
Maidens' hearts are won — 
Sun must rise and dance be done ! 

Lillian Corbett Baknes, '91. 



IBSEN'S plays, as perhaps no other author's, bear a definite relation one to 
another ; each play is either the foundation of a future one, or the legit- 
imate development of a preceding. But his new play, " The Master Builder," 
while it has its well defined place among his works, occupies rather a unique 
position besides, for here Ibsen gives us his attitude toward his own crea- 
tions, he interprets himself. 

As yet " The Master Builder " is almost an unknown quantity on our side 
of the water. It has not been translated into English except as a detached 
scene or two has drifted into the magazines, and even the critics, for the 
most part, have left it distrustfully alone. But German and Erench transla- 
tions already exist, and it has taken its place as one of the most talked of 
books of the European literary world. 

In " The Master Builder," as is usual with Ibsen's plays, there is not much 
action and not much plot, while the conversation is as artistically common- 
place as ever. Ibsen has far too serious purposes in view to allow of the 
delicacy and wit of the Shakesperian dialogue ; brief and incisive, with him 
every word tells and none is superfluous. 

To tell the story of an Ibsen play is to give the form and not the soul. 
His characters are always symbols, his plot but the cloak of a new phase of 
thought. And this was never more true than it is of " The Master Builder." 
And so it is that I fear to begin. 

Once upon a time Solness, the master builder, looked upon the .world 
with happy eyes. He lived in a great house whose front was dark with age, 
but inside it was rich with old-time treasures and bright with happiness and 
peace. And then Solness began to dream. His wife, his baby boys no 
longer contented him, and instead of the old house in the great garden, 
ambitious visions came to him of what he could do if the property were only 
his instead of Aline's, his wife; if the old house would only burn, of the 
smart new villas he would build, and the name the unknown young master- 
builder would carve for himself. And one day the fire came. Solness was 
guiltless except in his thoughts, and his ambitions were realized. With the 
opportunities given him he began to rise. He was bright and energetic and 
knew how to use the talents of others. In short, he became a great master 
builder. But he purchased his desires at a terrible price. The babies 


perished through exposure at the fire, and Aline, who had always been a 
cold, silent woman, became a statue, grieving ever over her children, and even 
more over the home of her youth and its lost treasures. And for Solness 
happiness was gone forever. His conscience, spurred on by his imagination, 
made him believe himself the cause of all the evil. Even his wealth and 
fame became hateful to him, for they but mocked him with his lost happi- 

Before his home had been destroyed, he had his greatest pleasure in build- 
ing churches with great high towers, but when his boys were gone he built 
no more. Worldly prosperity was all he had to live for, his ideals were 
lowered, he entered the business world, and was ruled by business codes of 
honor, or rather dishonor. As I have said, most of his ideals were destroyed, 
but one was left to him, to build homes not houses for happj r men and 
women and their little children. 

Long years before sorrow had entered his life, Solness had built a church 
in a little village near by; and when it was finished; according to the old 
Norwegian custom that the master builder should be the first one to trust 
his life to the new building, he climbed the high tower and placed upon it a 
wreath of flowers, and far down below, among the village merrymakers, a 
little girl rejoiced in his strength and fearlessness, and in his position, high up 
above all other men. The builder was the greatest man in the world in her 
eyes. And when he came down he kissed her and promised that when he 
should come back, in ten years time, he would bring her a kingdom. The 
little girl was Hilda. Through the long years she waited and waited, and 
when her master builder did not come to her, she went to him. Hilda is a 
perfect child of nature, utterly free from the conventional trammels of so- 
ciety, the conventional trammels of life, but with a true and loving heart. 
She has deified her master builder into a king, standing perfectly fearless 
and joyous above the world. And she comes to demand her kingdom. 

She finds a man, morbid to the verge of insanity, no longer fearless, but 
with a craven fear of all his younger rivals, and dead to all the joy of life. 
And, bitterest blow of all, she learns that since that day he has never dared 
trust himself to his own buildings ; his nerve is entirely gone, and the height 
confuses him and makes his head swim. 

But Hilda comes to him like a breath of his old life and fills him with 


new courage. She longs to see him her king again, and to please her he 
promises to place with his own hands the wreath of flowers upon the new 
home he has just built for himself. And then, when he comes down, he 
will no longer build homes for mankind, for houses are all they want; but 
he will build a great shining castle for Hilda, who is still fresh and un- 
spoiled. And Hilda will give him of her joy, and in their kingdom they 
will find happiness together. 

The new house is finished. And as the workmen assemble to celebrate 
the completed work, the word is passed around that the master builder, for 
the first time since they can remember, is going to perform the quaint old 
ceremony for himself. Aline tries to prevent him and shudders at his new 
freak. But Hilda gazes with rapt, starry eyes as he mounts higher and 
higher. He has reached the top at last and a great shout goes up as he 
flings the wreath of roses around the lofty tower; and then there is a ciy of 
horror, the master builder has fallen, the master builder is dead. 
But Hilda is happy, for she has found her king again. 

As I have said, the American critics have done very little with the play 
as yet. Perhaps they are waiting for the Boston Ibsen societies to discuss 
it and give them the lead. But then, as one young woman told me, " Ibsen's 
no longer the thing, it's Paderewski now, you know." Poor critics, and 
poor Ibsen ! 

One critic has suggested in a tentative manner that the play is obscure, 
and therefore to be condemned. If it only had the clearness of Howell's 
"Mouse-trap," or " Mother Goose," — I suppose he would go on to say. I 
wonder whether the critics of Shakespeare's day condemned " Hamlet " on 
the same grounds ! But then, most of our critics know that " Hamlet" is 
great because Shakespeare wrote it, and only Ibsen wrote " The Master 

And gaining courage by the sound of his own voice, much the same sort 
of courage that urges some men on where angels fear to tread, our little 
critic goes on to say that it surprises him that a German audience would 
stand such a play for a whole evening as is now on the stage of the Lessing 
Theatre. And then, jjresumably fearing the effect of the severity of his 
criticism on Ibsen, he generously concedes that a little of "The Master 
Builder " would not be bad, and that it is rather bright. Such discernment, 
such discrimination is astounding. 


Ibsen is not a popular author. His great ideas are developed in silence 
and are of the kind that penetrate men's minds but slowly, j^et they pene- 
trate surely and will at length be proclaimed from the market place. That 
time has already dawned for the old world. In "The Magazin fur das 
Literatur " for January there is an article about " The Master Builder," 
entitled " Ibsen's Confession." And this seems to me to be the key to the 
play, its true significance. With this clue the work of interpretation be- 
comes fascinating. Ibsen is Solness and every new incident is but an added 
link in the chain. 

The master builder leaves the church because he could not build with 
freedom. Is not Ibsen's one cry that of freedom for the individual soul? 
And did he not revolt against the spirit of authority and conventionality in 
the church ? 

And again, Solness says, after the death of his babies, " Oh, that such 
things should be allowed to happen here upon earth ! From that day I lost 
them I built no more churches of my own free will." Can we not imagine 
the cry "Can such things be" coming from Ibsen's great heart as he looked 
for joy and beauty in the world, and found only wretched suffering hu- 

The master builder left the church to enter the market place. He 
could no longer build churches for God, but he could build homes, happy 
homes, for man. But the men of our day no longer wanted homes, " houses 
are all they care for," Solness bitterly exclaims. And what else has Ibsen 
been pleading for? What else does Nora demand? No longer a house, a 
conventional marriage, but a true home, the marriage of the soul. 

Even his name, " The Master Builder," has a profound significance. Sol- 
ness says, " What I know I have found out for myself. I cannot call my- 
self an architect, for I am not a technical worker, for I have no degree." 
Has Ibsen taken his place in the modern world as a graduate of any school 
of thought? Ibsen, too, has gained his knowledge from men and women, 
from the world itself. He is no architect, onlj a master builder. 

Solness when young could mount the towers of his own buildings. Once 
upon a time Ibsen could look with confidence from the lofty heights of his 
own moral creations. But, through long years of searching for truth in a 
false world, he also becomes discouraged, thinks of the pillars of society rot- 


ting and crumbling away beneath his feet, is haunted by (/hosts of the past, 
and then distrusts even his own ideals. Hilda comes to Solness, hope and 
new courage to Ibsen. Solness dares once more to mount his own build- 
ings and crown them with the wreath of roses. He falls, but not until he has 
reached the top. 

Ibsen decides to do what no other poet has ever done, dares to measure 
himself by his own ideals. He, too, becomes heart-sick and dizzy when he 
thinks of the moral heights to which his own ideals point. And then the 
old poet, calling together his mighty strength, gives the master builder, 
and tells the tragedy of his life. He declares himself before mankind, for 
he has called them to judgment for sins of which he himself is guilty, has cre- 
ated ideals to whose dizzy heights he cannot mount. "He who would save 
his life must lose it." Ibsen, knowing his own weakness, offers himself a 
willing sacrifice. And what though he fail, he has vindicated his ideals, for 
he is willing to lose his life for them. 

April 3, '93. Mildred Fekny. 

(Not as taught at Wellesley.) 

Two by two through the straggling village 

The grave professor leads his class; 
Above them the April sun is shining, 

And beneath their feet is the springing grass. 

Out from the village and through the meadows 

They follow the winding country lane ; 
Till they reach the woods where the first flowers blossom, 

And a word disperses the merry train. 

Here and there through the depths they wander, 

Seeking the delicate blossoms of spring; 
Singing and jesting with youth's keen pleasure, 

Till the shadowy aisles with music ring. 

Till their hands are full of the fragrant treasures, 
And their baskets laden with shining loot; 

While half unheeded the grave professor 
Lectures of blossom and leaf and root. 


Brightly the brooklet gleams and glances; 

The light wind ruffles the silver sheen; 
And the April sun shoots its golden lances 

Down through the mist of tender green. 

In every tree the birds are singing, 

And amid the glee of the minstrel throng 
The note of the wood-dove lingers sadly, 

Like the undertone of a poet's song. 

What wonder if, as the shadows lengthen, 
Two from the merry throng should stray! 

If their talk should wander from botany's marvels 
To a theme that is sweeter and stranger than they! 

What wonder if whispered words are followed 

By snatches of silence strangely sweet! 
If her eyes should droop aud her voice should falter, 

As she feels the glance that she will not meet! 

What wonder if, under the spreading branches, 
'Neath the higher arches of heaven's own blue, 

They two should enter the land enchanted — 
The old, old land that is ever new. 

But soon their leader recalls the wand'rers, 
And his measured tones have a cordial glow, 

As he speaks of what his class has accomplished, 
And the grand results that their note-books show. 

But little the grave professor guesses, 

As he smiles approval on lad and lass 
Passing home through the odorous twilight, 

What lesson they learned in his botany class. 




Quite a ripple of excitement ran over Wellesley one fair morning several 
years ago when we were told that the queen of the Sandwich Islands would 
visit the college that day. With eagerness we donned our whitest gowns 
and barely tolerated recitations, awaiting the six strokes of the great bell 
which should summon us to the chapel, curious as we were to see Kapiolani 
and her sister-in-law, the heir to the Hawaiian throne. 

At last we saw Her Majesty and heard her speak. We strained our ears 
to catch from her lips the unfamiliar sounds of the Hawaiian ; and our 
hearts were full of pride when a member of our faculty, Miss Lucy 
Andrews, stepped forward and recited a poem in the native tongue of our 
royal visitors. Then, I remember, we went forth, a white-robed procession 
of girls, winding over the lawns, to see our guests plant a tree in front of 
Music Hall, amid the notes of fresh girlish voices and the twittering of 
birds in the trees above, who doubtless wondered what it was all about. 
As we came in the north entrance, we found a group in the reception room, 
writing their autographs for the queen to carry to her island home. A 
great honor indeed to write in a queen's album ! At last the party drove 
off, with good-bys and flutterings of handkerchiefs, and then, I believe, 
we did so prosaic a thing as to go to lunch. But memories of this day lin- 
gered in the thoughts of all, and for many days Dominic kept alive our 
remembrance by a marvelous bit of pastry which he concocted and named 
Kapiolani pudding. 

Little did I dream that day of ever beholding the throne of Hawaii in its 
habitat, — Iolani Palace, Honolulu, — but here again have I met royal per. 
sonages — a queen and a prince. I have been so fortunate as to visit the 
palace on occasions of a state ball, a royal reception and luan (or native 
feast), a queen's musical, and a morning lecture. I have seen the royal 
mausoleum, a royal funeral cortege and the opening of the legislature by 
the queen. 

Personally, I have been well-treated by Liliuokalani, but I have not been 
able to give her my sympathy in the events of the past three months. I 
have seen the struggle between royal prerogative and popular right; 
between royal authority and constitutional precedent; between the gener- 
ally corrupt, underhanded methods of a dying monarchy and the noble, 


outspoken advocacy of government reform. Liliuokalani's disregard of law 
and right by retaining as marshal of the kingdom a royal favorite, in defi- 
ance of public opinion ; her delay in filling cabinet vacancies and her pan- 
dering to the "back-stairs palace faction " when she did appoint ministers? 
her advocacy of the lottery and opium bills, and her hypocrisy in kindly 
receiving committees of ladies who had come to plead with her to use her 
influence against such monstrous iniquity, and in asking their prayers, then 
in almost the same breath swearing to her attendants to be revenged on 
those wahines ; and, finally, her revolutionary attempt to force upon the peo- 
ple a new constitution which was to disfranchise most of the property- 
owners and place more power in her own hands — all these facts, to say 
nothing of scandals and idolatrous practices connected with Liliuokalani's 
name, have made me a non-royalist. I agree with the native Hawaiian who 
looked at the stars and stripes floating over the Government Building, and 
then across at the empty, bannerless palace, and said: "It's the Queen's own 
fault." She is a woman, therefore let her have our pity ; she is a misguided 
woman, therefore let her not have our support. As she deliberately chooses 
to follow unworthy advice when she might have the counsel of able and 
upright men, we can but distrust her motives and guard against her actions. 

But the Wellesley girls of to-day have had a glimpse of royalty as well as 
we fossils of the last decade. Thej 7 , too, have gazed on a flesh-and-blood 
princess, and the real beauty and fancied wrongs of the fair young Kaiulani 
have made many champion her cause. It is not her fault that monarchy is 
in disrepute. Fifty }'ears of self-government seem to prove that the 
Hawaiian cannot rule himself or others. His is a warm-hearted, ignorant, 
improvident, pleasure-loving race, which does best when directed by strong, 
responsible authority. He needs education and civilization and breadth in 
religion, rather than the superstitious, half-heathen worship so prevalent. 

It is little wonder that the revolutionists have been suspected of low 
motives by those away from Hawaii. The world over, there has almost 
always been some unworthj r demagogue with selfish aims of aggrandizement 
who has involved his credulous followers in the snare of rebellion and then 
left them to make their own way out. Therefore it is not a matter of sur- 
prise that many American journals of repute condemn this attempt, and 
talk of "percent gospel," and "barterers," and "sugar-barons' schemes.'* 


Could these who condemn know the spirit and integrity of the men who 
have risked their lives in this movement, could they realize the sacrifice and 
pecuniary loss of those who went as commissioners to Washington, could 
they investigate the unimpeachable record of President Dole, who volun- 
tarily resigned from the Supreme Court to further this just cause, could they 
s ee the contrasted corruption and smallness of soul in many of the royalist 
supporters, could they read the history of royal rule in these islands, then 
our cause would be upheld north and south, east and west, by Republicans 
and Democrats, and independent voters most of all. 

The United States flag no longer floats ovor Aliiolani Hale, but there are 
hundreds of persons who show its colors. There is a flourishing Annexation 
Club of over two thousand members of all stations in life, and hundreds of 
them native Hawaiians. [There are only about thirty-three hundred voters 
on this whole island.] This club, too, has a large and enthusiastic junior 
contingent. The cause of annexation is ably upheld by five wide-awake 
papers, one of which, just born, lias sprung full-panoplied into the arena of 
Hawaiian politics. But, best of all, the Provisional Government is grandly 
sustaining itself in spite of friendly criticism, open opposition, and anony- 
mous scurrility. There could scarcely be a greater feeling of security and 
order than has existed in Honolulu since the memorable seventeenth of 
January, when the part} r of reform staked life and property on the cause of 
nineteenth century liberty for Hawaii nei. 

■ Mable Wing Castle. 


MY Lady Dorothy was out in the big orchard making flower-babies. 
Did you ever make flower-babies? Ah, well, you can't half tell what 
you've missed. You just take the tiniest and whitest of the little daisy- 
heads to use for the faces, you know, and buttercups for the most beautiful 
of bonnets, while for long court trains what could be better than the vel- 
vety dusty miller? Oh, I tell you, Dorothy could do it ! Cinderella was 
there, and Boy Blue, and little Miss Muffet, with a sash made all out of the 
most elegant striped grass. The big blue sky was all flecked over with 


fleecy clouds, and away off, farther than Dorothy could see, the great hills 
stretched away in endless white and gold, the daisies and buttercups. 

The dew wasn't off the grass yet, and Dorothy's ankle-ties were just a 
little wet. She had no business to have been out there at all, but neither 
Katie nor papa knew any better. If any stranger, not knowing My Lady 
Dorothy, by chance asked the child where mamma was, Dorothy always 
answered, very gravely and sweetly, "My mamma has gone away." Ah 
yes, Dorothy's mamma had "gone away " forever, away from her little one, 
eternally away in that great heaven from which she could never come back 
but to which Dorothy would some time go to her. 

Dorothy was papa's own Dorothy, and stern Professor McRain sometimes 
unbent to his little daughter in a style which would have mightily astounded 
the seminary boys. Dorothy thought there was nothing like papa, and in 
all respects endeavored to be as much like him as possible. It was only by 
dint of great persuasion, and the entire approval of the Professor, that My 
Lady Dorothy had been induced to tolerate the presence of a really, truly 
doll in the list of her possessions, but when once assured of her father's re- 
spect, she took Elmira Maud close into the recesses of her staunch little 
heart as fondly as any other little maiden would. 

Elmira Maud had suffered somewhat as to her classic nose, and one sleeve 
of her gown hung limp and aimless, proving that My Lady Dorothy's ten- 
der mercies were not so very tender, but she occupied the seat of honor at 
Dorothy's right hand and all the flower-babies in the world could not have 
superseded her. 

Over the other side of the orchard wall lay a boy and a book, or rather 
perhaps I should say, a book and a boy, for the book altogether had the 
better of it. The daisies and buttercups had no attraction for Dick Hasley ; 
the sky might be flecked with twice the number of fleecy clouds, they could 
not banish from his thoughts the growing terror of expulsion which some- 
how kept his mother's face between him and his book. Had he been so very 
bad? He stopped to think. What hadn't he done? It wasn't a week 
since he had stuffed the cracks of the registers with sulphur, dressed up the 
skeleton, and fastened a miserable little calf adorned with the Professor's 
spectacles in the presidential chair. But the last and crowning offense 
which, as Professor McRain said, had not even the grace of native wit, was 


the gluing together of the leaves of the physiology chart. Professor Mc- 
Rain had said little but had looked volumes, and perhaps Dick's memory 
and conscience had helped him to understand. 

He had had a last lingering wish, which was not great enough to be a 
hope, that he might at least retrieve himself in scholarship, and had brought 
his Latin books to the farthest limit of the seminary grounds, to "peg," as 
he would have told you, and make up for lost time. It was many a day 
since he had known his Latin lesson ; he was almost afraid it would give 
McRain too great a shock. 

His bic} r cle lay temptingly beside him, but, so far, had been resolutely re- 

"Confound it all, why under the heavens was Cicero ever born ?" he 
broke out, while the Seven Selected Orations described a parabolic curve 
and struck the orchard wall with a mocking bang. 

" Yeth, Elmira Maud, why under the heaventh wath Thithero ever 
born ?" murmured a soft voice on the other side. "Let uth conthider the 
quethion." This last in life-like imitation of Professor McRain's dignified 
mode of speech. Dick stretched his eyes wide, and actually a queer little 
smile crept into them. He awaited developments. Five, ten minutes, and 
still no sound or sign. Dick grew restless. Another five, and the develop- 
ments not appearing, Dick went after them. A slight pressure of his brown 
hands on the top of the wall, and he was astride. There on the grass sat a 
tumbled lassie of perhaps three summers, with a brown mass of hair lying in 
little damp rings on her forehead and pushing out from under a small white 
cap; a crumpled white frock reaching quite to her plump feet, and Elmira 
Maud reclining gracefully on her head. Two wondering brown eyes looked 
up at him, and a clear little voice piped out, " Who beth you?" then, as if 
mindful of something, " Beth you Thithero ? " " Certainly," said Dick, 
wickecll} r , " Cicero himself, and, as for you, jou must be old McRain's little 
daughter. What's your name, kid ? " " Dorothy," said My Lady, not at all 
resenting the " Kid," perhaps something in the brown face reassured her. 
"Come down, Thithero." Dick shook his head and laughed. Dorothy 
picked herself up gravely, likewise as gravely Elmira Maud, gravely came to 
the wall, and, still gravely, held up both dimpled hands. Cicero could not 
resist the appeal. Should he? She walked like Professor McRain, talked 


like Professor McRain, and, when Dick stopped to consider, yes, smiled like 
Professor McRain. He lifted her over the wall. 

But no sooner was My Lady over, then she spurned all further advances. 
In nobody's lap would she sit, not she. She ran for the bicycle and with a 
truly scientific air, as Dick afterwards declared, began to inspect its 
mechanism. Dick returned to the Defence against Cataline, and clung to 
Elmira Maud, as being the best hold upon her little mistress. " Strange," 
he muttered, with a grim appreciation of his humor, "that Cicero can not 
translate his own orations," and he gave the already abused volume 
another thump. " Allfew me to athitht you," said Dorothy, just as she had 
often heard her father, and so like him that Dick started and then smiled 
again at the lisp. She came gravely across to the book, and meditatively 
peered over Dick's shoulder. u Dorothy," said he, " don't you want to ride 
on that big, big wheel?" Dorothy smiled. Everything about My Lady 
was full of grown-up dignity which sat comically upon the childish figure. 
She put up both hands demurely, and again Dick felt that strong impulse to 
take her. He considered the matter pro and con. In the first place, it 
was breaking the rules to leave the seminary grounds; in the second, he 
had not the slightest right to take Dorothy from home, not even over the 
wall. Yet, expulsion was certain, why not do as he chose ? 

He lifted Dorothy on his arm, and mounted his bicycle. He seated her 
in front, and she clung tightly to his jacket. Away they spun, Dick care- 
fully selecting the by-ways and striking out for the broad country road. 
Dorothy laughed and chattered, resting her little white cap trustingly against 
his waist-coat. Now and then, Dick, looking down at her, thought what 
an odd little child it had grown to be, shut up with Professor McRain. By 
and by he turned homeward, choosing the shadier ways, and bending his 
head over Dorothy to shield her from the sun. Nearer and nearer they 
came to the seminary, nearer and were almost there, Dick with a little 
repentance in his heart, Dorothy with only a great delight and an un- 
wonted excitement glowing in her cheeks. Alas ! Who was that just step- 
ping into the path? Professor McRain! Dick gasped, a big black dog 
rushed in front of the wheel, Dorothy jumped in his arms, and the next 
moment it was all over. With the chivalry and protecting tenderness that 
was always in his heart, but which only his mother knew, Dick made no 
effort to save himself, but with a last instinctive movement lifted the little 


girl high above his head. He fell, and with him fell Dorothy, and after 
them the bicycle. 

He lay there, the blood from a wound somewhere on his head making a 
little path through his hair and his two brown hands still clasping Dorothy, 
where unhurt and not even crying, she had dropped upon the grass. Pro- 
fessor McRain, looking down at him, found his first great wrath subsiding, 
pity and a sudden respect for the boy growing in its place. He stooped, 
and would have lifted Dorothy, but she clung strangely to Dick's jacket, 
and tried to wake him with her soft little hands. Her grave little face had 
grown veiy pale, and the big tears were rolling pitifully down her cheeks. 
Dick opened his eyes and smiled at her. 

They lifted him and carried him straight into Dorothy's home, up, up, to 
a cool, sweet-scented chamber, and laid him on the bed. The doctor, a pom- 
pous, fat little man, smilingly sewed up the wound in his head, and after 
it all was done, still smilingly went away. The Professor came in and 
spoke to him. Only Dorothy came not. Dick closed his eyes and slept. 

" Hasley," said Professor McRain, just at twilight, "you brought it all 
on yourself. It was another one of your foolish pranks. But," added he, 
very softly and with an odd little catch in his voice, "it might have been 
very much worse for my little girl, if it had not been for you. And, 
Hasley," said the Professor, still more softly, "we have decided, the others 
and I, that we can't spare you just yet at the seminary. You forget your- 
self too well in danger to be anything but a man." Something very hot 
and queer was the matter with Dick's ej'es. 

Dorothy came gravely in, in her little night-gown, to say good-night. 

"My fweet-heart's the man in the moon," sang she. " Dorothy," said 
her father, lifting his eye-brows, " who in the world would teach you such 
a song?" "Thithero," said Dorothy, standing aloft on her tip-toes to touch 
the brown hand on the pillow. Lilian B. Quinby. 


On the cradling boughs 

Cuddled limbs arouse; 
Bonny babes get up from curtained beds below; 

Pinafores of green, 

Caps of gayest sheen, 
They'll wear for summer frolics to and fro. 

Ada May Kbeckee. 



IN a certain renowned college, surrounded by extensive grounds and look- 
ing out from its southern side upon a gently smiling lake, there is a 
long and many-alcoved library, whose elevation lies a few feet below the 
main hall, from which one enters it. Near the library door stands a broad- 
lapped bench, the exact location of which requires rather more of a detailed 
explanation than the Chiel at present feels disposed to enter upon. But he 
would say, in a general way, that it is very conspicuously situated ; and 
that, b} r reason of its position, many who have visited this spot have the 
bench forever deeply rooted in their memories. Unscientifically speaking, 
its carved wooden structure holds a strong magnetic influence, which draws 
the wary and unwary alike to fasten themselves upon it. And not only 
does the bench itself possess this magnetism. All the regions round about 
— namely, that portion of the college building in front of a neighboring 
reading-room door, near the base of Diana's statue, and bordering the 
library entrance — attract the student multitudes and hold for them much 
the same relation as did the public market-place to the ancient Greeks. 
Here you may hear the secrets of the universe expounded, questions of the 
day discussed, public and private grievances rehearsed, as well as the pass- 
ing gossip of the hour. Perhaps the bulletin of daily events — for if you 
turn round the corner by the bench, and then look directly opposite you at 
the blackboard across the hall, the news of the day, arranged in the form of 
topics, may be taken in by one swift glance — plays a part in making this 
place popular; but the Chiel strongly suspects the bench of being the prin- 
cipal actor. 

Now it happened that one day, after mingling and chatting with a group 
assembled in the regions of the bench, the Chiel descended into the library, 
and threw himself into a chair at the centre table nearest the door. He 
opened a book with the intention of enlarging his intellectual life by delving 
down into the thoughts of an ancient sage ; but, ns distinctly audible voices 
were continually wafted in upon him, he finally gave up his intention, and 
fell into a silent soliloquy. Remorse gnawed at the marrow of his soul. 
" Would that I had cast my eyes down into this library, and had considered, 
and had restrained my tongue," he moaned in anguish. Seated at the same 
table were several students who evidently believed that sometimes educa- 


tion may be further advanced by using one's own eyes and ears, especially 
the latter, and by paying attention to what is going on around, than by 
applying one's self closely to books. Besides believing in such a theory, 
the person who sits at this table should be in a calm and uncritical state of 
mind, and should be willing to preserve a prudent silence about what she 
(in this institution the pronoun she is generally used instead of the more 
common Tie) hears. 

Do not imagine that a surging crowd blockades the library door. There 
are rarely more than five or six persons; but, somehow, there is an impres- 
sion of a crowd — possibly because the tones of those who are present 
commingle with the echo of the voices and footfalls of those who have just 
departed. Not even the presence of a cap and gown can quiet the general 
disturbance. It ought to be explained, perhaps, that this college does not 
compel students to wear the cap and gown ; but about the spring of the 
year, the senior class, out of pure goodness, dons the bewitching attire, and 
the institution takes on a more scholastic air. Once in a while, these gown- 
capped young women themselves tarry and talk within hearing distance of 
the library. 

The Chiei has noted that lately several of the disciples of the bench have 
been discussing the all-absorbing subject of class elections. This topic has 
not been placed upon the bulletin board on account of its extreme local 
nature. Although it might seem to some that the whole of North America, 
and even parts of Europe, Asia, Africa and Australia ought to feel a keen 
interest in the subject, yet such an interest they fail to show. 

Would you not like to hear some scraps of conversation which have been 
made public property by word of mouth? Yes? Of course the Chiel will 
not make use of real names. 

"How are you, Melpomene? Who is your candidate for Senior Class 
President ? " 

"Well — I — don't — know, Lucinda. I think I shall wait and see who 
is put up, and then vote for the one who gets the majority." 

"No, sir! I don't think that is the way to do at all. I think every one 
ought to consider the matter carefully for herself, and choose her own can- 

" Whom have you chosen ? " 


"Well, my dear, no girl seems exactly able to fill the place; but, taking 
everything into consideration, I think A B is the girl we want." 

" Not at all ! I can't bear her." 

A third party now comes sauntering along and remarks, " I hear you are 
discussing the question. Q R, is my candidate." 

" Why, Victoria Elaine," cry both Melpomene and Lucinda. " Dreadful ! " 

" Well, now, please name the qualities you desire a Senior Class President 
to have," suggests Victoria Elaine. 

Lucinda straightens up, steps forward, and volunteers: "She must make 
a decidedly favorable impression upon strangers. She must be dignified. 
She must have an interesting face, charming manners, and a good figure. 
She must be very scholar^, but not a dig; deep, but not tiresome ; self-pos- 
sessed, but not conceited. She must have a lovely character. She must be 
respected b} r the faculty, and able to conduct herself creditably with people 
of superior learning. She must be a brilliant conversationalist. She must 
give promise of making something of herself after she leaves college. She 
must belong to a family of high social standing. She must have great exec- 
utive ability and take a personal interest in each of her classmates. She 
must be able to decide things for herself, and not wait for people to back 
her up. She must have good common sense. She must be thoroughly cul- 
tured and possess a fine personal appearance. She must be a girl who stands 
out as pre-eminently prominent wherever she goes. She must have high 
ideals. I can't think of any other necessary qualities just now." 

" I should think not," rings out the voice of Melpomene. " Now please 
show us that kind of a girl, and I'll vote for her. The candidate you men- 
tioned just now does not fill that ticket." 

"Well, perhaps not, I don't believe any one does. I'm shocked at the 
great deficiency of our class." 

A fourth girl, Olivia, arrives upon the scene. 

"Who is your candidate, Olivia?" 

"Well — of the girls who are up — I shall vote for C D , 

although I am willing to vote for D E — — ; but C D is 

decidedly 1113^ choice. If the vote should be divided between them, and 
neither would stand a chance of getting it on account of a third candidate, I 

think that I should be willing to vote for D E , if she had the 

majority of the two." 


"That is the way I feel," says Melpomene. 

But the bell calls for thoughts about things of a different nature. 

Have you ever visited the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Cambridge 
— in Massachusetts? Several species of the most highly developed class of 
the type Chordata, among whom was the Chiel, went thither about two 
weeks ago, to become better acquainted with the nature of their primitive 
ancestors. These, it is to be hoped, received due respect from their visitors ; 
for when, in the infinite future, man shall have evolved to that stage when 
wisdom teeth shall have dropped out of fashion, and the present newly dis- 
covered methods of embalming have long ago passed into general use, per- 
haps a few of — but the rest of the thought is not pleasing. 

After harnessing up their minds and driving their observations toward 
zoological technicalities for an hour or so, the Chiel and his friends let the 
reins loose for the remaining time, and enjoyed themselves in a free and 
easy manner. "They had been previously convinced that animals think, and 
now speculated extensively upon their mental calibre. 

The interesting facial expression of the animals was one of their most 
impressive qualities. Some few, to be sure, seemed of sullen and morose 
disposition ; but most of them seemed either absorbed in deep musings and 
far-away reveries, or sorrowful, pained, and oppressed, perhaps, by a sense 
of their own finiteness. The Chiel lingered long near the monkeys. One 
old fellow, strong, broad-shouldered, stalwart, and bearing upon his brow 
the mark of the mighty gorillas, but somewhat bent with age, stood with 
staff in hand, and by a certain dignity compelled his more highly civilized 
relations to reverence him as the patriarch and counsellor of his tribe. And 
this was only his stuffed image ! 

When you visit the Museum be sure to note the tiny, tickled expression 
which the owls conceal behind their wise and sober visages ; the happy-go- 
lucky air of the walruses ; the tremendous majesty of the African elephant, 
with an inconsistent small bit of a wink in his small eyes. There are thou- 
sands of pleasant remembi'ances connected with that Museum; and the 
Chiel would presume to speak about it more at length, were the limits of 
time and space less inexorable. 

M. K. I. 


SPRING is coming! Spring is here! So we have been informed for a 
month past by enthusiastic newspapers, and hopeful milliners and confid- 
ing poets, and so we ourselves are inclined to believe, notwithstanding certain 
disheartening experiences in the way of sleet and cold winds and gloomy 
heavens. Did we base our confidence on such fickle and transitory matters 
as blue skies, sunshine and bird-songs we might still be in doubt as to the 
approach of the season of bud and blossom, but we have a surer foundation 
than these for the hope that is in us; the athletic spirit, rousing from its 
winter's sleep, is again upon us. Boats have been brought out, carefully 
overhauled, and launched ; crews are practising daily on the lakes; tennis 
courts have been marked off afresh and tennis nets put up; long tramps 
after botanical or entomological specimens are daily organized ; and the fea- 
sibility of an Inter-collegiate Athletic Association, to include at least all the 
woman's colleges of the East, is again a subject of discussion. All these 
things have been of old, but the athletic spirit has manifested itself in yet 
another way this spring — in the formation of a bicycle club. 

Surely, of all the amusements which women have adopted within the past 
few years, none is so thoroughly charming as bicycling. One might easily 
wax as enthusiastic over it as good Izaak Walton over angling. "Truly, it 
is a most sweet and delectable sport, and one passing well fitted to maidens 
fair. For, safely seated upon their wheels, they may ride smoothly along 
the beauteous roads in the which the neighborhood of Wellssley cloth so 
abound, and the while they do receive most health-giving exercise, their 
minds may be free to take in the scenes about them. There may they see 
how Dame Nature hath spread a carpet for her house of divers shades of 
green, and how she hath tricked it out with flowers of varied hues ; yea, and 
since these be too delicate for the full strength of the sun, how cunningly 
she hath woven for them a screen of leaves and branches and running vines. 
Many a fair scene shall linger long in their minds, and health and refreshing 
for body and soul shall they gain from their pastime." 

Nor do the beauty of the roads and the proximity of numerous historic 
localities, which can in no other way be so easily visited, furnish the only 


raison d'etre of such a club ; the facilities for acquiring the art are so good. 
Surely no other college has a school of bicycling attached, nor so many 
unfrequented roads and paths, where self-conscious beginners, trusted for 
the first time to "go out alone," may find the privacy they value so highly. 
Good luck to the Bicj'cle Club, then. May their prosperity increase as their 
speed, and their success be as bright as their Columbias. It is an organiza- 
tion which has long been needed at Wellesley, and it can hardly fail to grow 
continuously in numbers and favor. 

PERHAPS there is no feeling more deeply rooted in the mind of the 
average Wellesley student than the sense that the four years of the col- 
lege course offer such opportunities as she is likely never to meet again, and 
that it behooves her to make the most of her time. With this end in view, 
she conscientiously attempts to get the full benefit of every college advan- 
tage. She chooses her electives carefulby, that she may avoid the Scylla of 
too narrow a field of effort and the Charybdis of too great diffusion of men- 
tal energy; she joins a literary society that she may get an intellectual train- 
ing differing from that of other college work, and greater opportunities of 
social life; that her development may not be one-sided she pays due atten- 
tion to her physical training, and with the praiseworthy view of attaining 
breadth of culture she attends lectures, receptions, concerts and readings 
with cheerful persistency. 

And yet with all this effort there is one opportunity lying at her very door 
which is too often overlooked, one faculty which might so well be cultivated, 
but which is so often utterly neglected. How many students are able, at 
graduation, to speak their mother tongue fluently and correctly? How 
many are able, in class or society meeting, to talk well, for ever so brief a 
period, on the subject under discussion? to give their opinions clearly and 
connectedly, not wandering from the point, not hesitating and repeating 
themselves, but saying their say in terse, vigorous, forcible English ? Some 
there are who can do it, and we all know how much influence they have in 
anv discussion, bat do not the majority of us, when we rise to speak without 
careful preparation, find ourselves hesitating, uncertain, reduced to the use 


of vague generalities or weak repetitions? Nor is it only in our attempts 
at semi-public speaking that our command of language fails us. 

"Brethren," exclaimed the eccentric Lorenzo Dow, stopping in the midst 
of an involved sentence, " brethren, my verb has lost sight of its nominative, 
but I'm bound for the kingdom of glory all the same." Do we not often 
find ourselves in the same position, in our every-day intercourse? It is not 
onty that our verbs have lost sight of their nominatives, and that our sen- 
tences are loosely constructed, and that our adverbs are thrown in at ran- 
dom, but too often we find ourselves quite unable to put our thoughts into 
words at all, and are forced to break off with an appealing " I can't say it, 
but you know what I mean, don't you?" or else, valiantly persisting, we 
lose ourselves in a mist of meaningless words. 

Of course, one does not wish to speak or write "like a book," but without 
becoming stilted it is quite possible to speak forcibly and coherently. Every 
recitation might be made a drill in speaking, every class or society meeting 
a training in the " art of putting things." It is not worth while to dwell 
on the advantages of such a training. The gift of speaking is one which 
every one admires, for which almost every one longs, and like many another 
gift it is bestowed in exchange for hard and continued effort. It lies in 
every one's power to attain it; is it not worth its cost? When we think of 
what the English language is, we can hardly consider any price too great 
for the ability to use it well. It is so copious, so rich in possibilities of 
strength, of beauty, of delicacy, of exactness, that to use it ill seems little 
short of desecration, and we can but wonder at the blindness with which 
students, while striving to attain every other advantage of a college course, 
neglect so utterly this opportunity. 


£$e Sree (press. 


The readers of college magazines for this academic year have found no one 
subject attracting more attention, exciting more real interest in the student body 
at large, than that of chapel attendance. At least two of our colleges have, 
through their publications, made a determined effort to become free from the rules 
which make the student's presence at chapel services a compulsory matter, and 
many other colleges, though taking no active part, have expressed their cordial 
sympathy with the position maintained by Yale and Amherst. 

In discussing the subject with students here, it is surprising to find how great a 
majority are not only desirous of voluntary chapel, but are also strongly opposed 
to the present system. Surprising, for the question is not here made a matter of 
general discussion, nor has it ever been mentioned in the columns of this maga- 
zine. Nevertheless, the feeling exists, and, as I believe, is firmly rooted in the 
minds of a large number. This being so, the question arises, Why, then, is not 
something done to effect the realization of our earnest wishes? Some step taken 
toward gaining voluntary chapel for the ensuing year? Students meet the ques- 
tion by saying that the solution is not in our power, that we have nothing to do 
with the making of the rules which we obey. Too true ! but that by no means 
relieves us of all responsibility in the matter, for the rules are, for the most part, 
in accordance with the real feeling of the college. We may not believe in the 
principle underlying their origin, — we may not approve of legislation without 
representation, — bat we must agree to the wisdom of most of the laws so made. 
And we must also believe that the faculty of this college desire the assent of the 
students in the rules which they formulate, that they would consider long before 
they imposed a measure which they were certain would meet with decided oppo- 
sition by the body for whose good, presumably, it was meant. So with existing 
rules, I cannot but believe that should the students unite in expressing their 
strong dislike of a regulation in regard both to its principle and its practice, the 
knowledge of such a feeling would have weight with the college legislature, 
would lead it at least to question the wisdom of continuing to enforce such a rule. 

If this is indeed the case, and if it is true that we as a body of students earnestly 
desire attendance on our chapel services to be in all respects voluntary, then let 


us express ourselves to that effect. We have reasons for so desiring, — we can 
state them. There are objections to be urged against us, — we can answer them. 
In short, we can do much toward arousing public opinion, — to which, sooner 
or later, according to its strength, all rules conform. 

It is not my intention now to advance arguments in favor of voluntary chapel. 
The principle on which all such arguments are based would scarcely be ques- 
tioned in this country, — the principle that compulsion in matters of religion is 
incompatible with liberty, that compulsory attendance on religious services is, to 
say the least, undesirable. But I do wish to emphasize one thought, — that pri- 
vate grumbling is not only useless but unfair. We have no right to complain of 
a grievance toward the remedying of which we are unwilling to lift a hand. We 
can scarcely expect showers of blessings from our faculty unless we assure them 
that such a rain-fall would prove acceptable. It is a noticeable fact in the history 
of Wellesley that the great majority of reforms trace their origin, not to the stu- 
dents, who most feel their need, but to members of the facultv. We have fallen 
into the habit of thinking that whatever ought to be done', and can be done, will 
be done without any effort on our part. No doubt, if we wait long enough, the 
present system will be gradually transformed into a system of voluntary chapel. 
But what I would urge is that we bestir ourselves, and do all in our power to 
make this year the last in which attendance on chapel services shall be compul- 
sory. Yale and Amherst have asked that all attendance on their chapel services 
be made voluntary ; their papers have expressed in strong terms the feelings of 
the students. Their requests have been respected, even though not yet granted. 
Is there any reason why we should not follow their example? 

Frances H. Lucas. 


Last month the Free Press called upon us Wellesley girls to " wake up our 
sleeping patriotism," to " demand for ourselves ' an intelligent interest in the ques- 
tions of the day.'" One of the "questions" mentioned in that article seems to 
me to demand more than a passing notice. I refer to the growing recognition of 
the rights of women in the body politic. It is a question which ought to be of 
peculiar interest to us as college women. It receives from Wellesley girls even 
less attention than do those questions which do not so directly affect us. 

Though the reading-room is never crowded with newspaper readers, yet, occa- 
sionally, I have been obliged to wait a few minutes for my favorite paper. Never 
once have I needed to wait a single moment for the " Woman's Journal," although 


it alone discusses at length the questions most directly connected with women. 
Even the bulletin board, that great link — to many the only link — -between 
Wellesley and the political and business world, passes these questions by. 

Few girls, perhaps, could give a clear and comprehensive history of the recent 
Belgian revolution, but fewer still are they who could give the history of certain 
significant acts lately passed by the legislatures of various States — acts which are 
the forerunners of the coming revolution in the political status of women. Even 
conservative old Kentucky has been stirred by the spirit cf that revolution, and 
has granted to married women the power to control their own property. The 
New York legislature, without one dissenting voice, has voted to make the legal 
power of a mother over her children equal to that of the father. 

These are signs, but in the West, that centre of freedom and progress, there 
are not signs only, but the revolution has begun. Wyoming, with her more than 
twenty years of experience of full woman suffrage, has sent to the legislature of 
every State and to the legislative bodies of all the countries of the civilized world, 
a plea for woman suffrage, a plea based on her own experience. The legislatures 
of Kansas and Colorado have voted in favor of full suffrage for women. At the 
next elections the voters will acf upon the question of so amending the State con- 
stitutions. Bills for full woman suffrage passed the New Mexico and Nebraska 
Houses, the Minnesota and Michigan Senates. The Nebraska Senate rejected the 
bill by but two votes, the Michigan House by but one, and in Michigan the ques- 
tion will come up for reconsideration. The Arkansas Senate has voted for school 
suffrage, the Illinois Senate for township suffrage. In California, school suffrage 
passed the legislature, though vetoed by the governor. 

New England, with her traditions as rockbound as her coasts, has felt at least a 
thrill. Municipal suffrage for women passed the Vermont House, failed in both 
the Maine and Massachusetts Houses by only nine votes. Nor is Canada lagging 
in the march. Both Nova Scotia and Ontario have passed to their third reading 
bills granting full suffrage to women. 

These facts are significant. It is not too much to say that the last year has seen 
more progress in the cause of woman suffrage than has been made during all the 
previous years since the movement began. Am I not right in saying that a revo- 
lution is at hand? In view of this, shall we Wellesley girls look on with calm 
indifference, ignore these signs, or even worse, be ignorant of the facts? It is to 
the college women that the world will look in the next generation for women's 
leaders. Let us at Wellesley, then, not only " demand for ourselves ' an intelli- 
gent interest in the questions of the day,' " but, to quote again from the constitu- 


tion of the Agora, let us be ready " to take an active and responsible position on 
all such questions." Let us keep step with our fellow women outside these col- 
lege walls in their forward movement. 


Miss Calkins wishes to express, through the columns of the Wellesley Mag- 
azine, her sincere appreciation of the kindness with which her persistent 
questions about Colored Hearing and Forms have been answered. Miss Calkins 
has realized painfully how troublesome she has been with her circulars, notes and 
interviews, and is very grateful for the accuracy and the promptness of the replies,, 
and for the cordiality with which the assistance has been given. 


The Board of Editors could not but give a gasp at its first glimpse of the ex- 
change table piled with college publications — daily, weekly and monthly. But 
consternation has changed to pleasure as we have begun to gain personal ac- 
quaintance with these representatives of our brother and sister colleges. 

The " Nassau Lit." gives an impression of strength, earnestness and enthusiasm 
in the literary life of its college. The March number contains mostly fiction. 
The "Story of a Life" is especially strong in its intense pathos. 

The leading prose article of the "Dartmouth Literary Monthly " is a defense 
of the newspaper man, among whose chief characteristics are mentioned " the 
habit of telling the truth " and the desire to do justice to " humanity in general." 
"Another Field for College Men" is a suggestive article on the importance of 
the study of Social Science. 

The "Wake Forest Student" is an exception to the usual college publication, 
in that it shows throughout a wide-awake interest in public questions. 

We welcome "The Integral" of the Case School of Applied Science, Cleve- 
land, to our exchange list. Its leading article is " The Development of Scientific 

" Our Magazine" of the North London Collegiate School for Girls gives an 
interesting glimpse of "A Fresher's Life at Girton." The entire magazine, from 
its editorials to its " ads.," will prove of interest to an American reader. 

One of the best of our exchanges for March is the " Southern Collegian." It 
is well seasoned with the spice of variety, and its pictures form only one of its 


many attractions. The veil is lifted from a strange bit of history in the story of 
the life and tragic death of " The Last Prince of the Welsh." The selections in 
"The Bard of the Dimboritza" haunt us with their subtle, eery strangeness, and 
we long to know more of the Roumanian people, so filled with the sense of " the 
wide, incurable sadness of life." 

From the verse of the month we quote the following as suggestive of the 
springtime : — 

The Babes in the Wood. 
Throughout the days when winter's hand 

Holds all the earth in keeping, 
In mossy beds beneath the snow 

Arbutus-buds lie sleeping. 
When April comes, — in haste to fling 

Aside the snowy wrapping, 
And find, each in its blanket snug, 

These baby buds a-napping, — 
With loving touch and soft caress 

She'll wake them from their slumber; 
And pink and white, each little face 
Will smile in baby wonder. — The Mt. Holyoke. 

The March exchanges contain much verse. The one poem is found in the 
' ; Nassau Lit." " The Last Immortals" should be read in its entirety. 

The Last Immortals. 
A woman's wealth of wayward hair, 
Caressed by every wandering air — 
Something of sweetness, like breath of hay — 
Something of softness, like dusk of day. 

A woman's eyes — not deeply dark, 
Not making of life their target mark, 
Simply a sky-like depth of blue, 
Unclouded, clear — above all, true. 

A woman's voice — a voice that thrills 
Like the liquid tune of brook-girt hills; 
And yet unlike, for there is no sound 
Like tliis the whole wide world around. 

A woman's heart, — not tinsel gold, 

Gold is too poor, too hard and cold; 

But mirrored in voice, and eyes, and hair, — 

The essence of all that makes her fair. 



It is left to us still, 

Though the years work their will, 

And have wasted in truth 

Their chivalrous youth, 

The heart of a woman inspires us still! 

April brings the annual blossoming of new editorial boards. Of course, they 
all " put their best foot forward" for the first issue, and the result is a number of 
very readable exchanges. 

The "Yale Lit." is an especially good number; particularly the Portfolio, the 
junior prize oi^ation on "Burke and Gladstone as Philosophical Statesmen," 
and a sympathetic account of the " Life Work of Dorothy Wordsworth." 

The "Wesleyan Argus " and the " Wesleyan Lit." both notice the establishment of 
Phi Sigma's new chapter at Middletown. The "Argus " gives quite a long account, 
not only of the infant Beta Chapter, but also of the work of the Wellesley Society. 

The "Tuftonian" announces the new and very liberal curriculum which Tufts 
College offers next year. It also states that twenty-five young ladies are expected 
to enter Tufts next fall. 

World's Fair exhibits are described by the various college journals. There seems 
to be a great similarity in them all. 

The " Yale Courant" has begun what promises to be a very interesting series of 
short and informal articles on subjects connected with college life, contributed by 
prominent professors and graduates of the university. Professor McLaughlin has 
opened the series with a most timely and helpful "Word about College Jour- 

The senior class at Brown have voted to use no wine or any form of liquor at 
the senior class supper. 

The Wellesley world will be interested in a decidedly warm defense of the col- 
lege woman by a graduate of Barnard, which appears in the " Columbia Literary 
Monthly " for April. 


Not Bachelors. 
When a man from Columbia takes his degree, 
To his name he affixes the title A. B. 
When our sister co-eds pass their final exams., 
Do they henceforth, I wonder, become A. O-Jfs? 

J?. L. 
— Columbia Lit. 


Two souls masked under faces met one day; 

Beneath the masks each saw the other's eyes. 
Together from the dancing throng away 

They drew, with strange, new joy and sweet surprise. 
Then, filled with longing vague, and swift unrest — 

"Unmask! Show me thy very self!" said one. 
The other wept: "Alas, the bitter jest! 
Thou know'st I may not till the dance is done." 

K. Warren, '89. 
— Vassae Miscellany. 
To the West "Wind. 

Wind of the glowing west, 

Chanting thine evensong to tired day, 
Blow fair and free across the mountains' crest, 

Waft dream-thoughts from the cloudland far away, 
Where cliffs and woods blend in the evening's gold 
In glories manifold. 

Voice of the dying light, 

Banish the tangled mist from out my brain, 
And ever singing in thy dewy flight 

With sweetest touch of restful night, again 
Weave prophecies of still more glorious day, 
And bring me peace, I pray. 

— Tkown Magazine. 

How often, in the silent hours of thought, 

When brooding doubts upon the spirit lie, 
Some peal of nobler harmony is caught — 

A far-off echo from eternity. 
Upon our ear it rings with sudden thrill 

Of new-born ecstasy and pure delight; 
And hope, our inmost longings to fulfil, 

The beauteous music hastens to invite. 
Yet as we try to captive hold the strain 

Forever, faint and fainter still it grows, 
Till, like the tropic twilight's narrow reign, 

It vanishes as quickly as it rose. 
Oh, heavenly message ! with us longer stay, 

Nor wing thy restless flight so soon away. 

— Columbia Lit. 


Small Talk About Business. By A. E. Rice. A Banker's Business Hints 
for Men and Women. Published by the Fremont Publishing Company, Fre- 
mont, Ohio. 60 pages. Paper, 40 cents. Cloth, 75 cents. Sent by mail, 
postage paid. Index circulars free. 

Books upon business topics are common enough, but we have seen none so 
practically helpful to all classes as this. It appeals to the old, middle-aged and 
young, telling them just what they want to know concerning every-day business 
affairs. It is receiving high commendation from many prominent men, and is a 
book that should be in the hands of every man and woman. The book has a 
pretty appearance — a gem of the printer's art. 


From D. C. Heath & Co. : 

L'Expedition de la Jeune Hardie, by Jules Verne; edited by W. S. Lyon. 
Une Adventure du Celebre Pierrot, by Alfred Assolaut ; edited by R. E. Pain. 
Les Enfants Patriotes, by G. Bruno ; edited by W. S. Lyon. 
Histoire d'un Paysan, by Erckmann-Chatrian ; edited by W. S. Lyon. 
Petite Histoire de la Litterature Francaise, by Professor Delphine Duval, of 
Smith College. (To be issued this month.) 

Coffege (Notes. 

The June number of the Wellesley Magazine will be delayed in order that 
it may contain the news of the last weeks of the college year. It will be sent to 
those subscribers who have left the college. 

The Wellesley College Bicycle Club has been recently organized with the fol- 
lowing officers: Mary McPherson, '93, president; Mabel Davison, '95, vice-pres- 
ident ; Laura Mattoon, '94, secretary and treasurer ; Professor Wenckebach, cap- 
tain ; Gertrude Angell, '94, first lieutenant; Mary Tooker, '93, second lieutenant; 
Dominick Duckett, business manager. 


The officers of the Club of '97 are : Denison Wilt, chairman ; Grace Bean, 
secretary and treasurer; Emory Tompkins, historian; Grace Ball, factotum; 
Minnie Miller, Minette Butterfield, Denison Wilt, executive committee. 

At a meeting of the Wellesley Chapter of the College Settlement Association, 
the following officers were elected : Helen Kelsey, '95, president ; Edith Crapo, 
'94, Helen James, '95, vice-presidents; Alice Kellogg, '94, secretary. 

On Monday evening, April 17, Ernst Perabo, pianist, and Mr. Listemann, vio- 
linist, gave a concert in the chapel, assisted by Miss Priscilla White* soprano, and 
Miss Fanny Berry, accompanist. Selections from Beethoven, Handel, Chopin 
and Liszt were included in the programme. 

The class in mineralogy recently enjoyed a visit to the Natural History Rooms, 
Boston ; they also spent a few moments at the Institute of Technology, where 
they were permitted to examine some of the rarer mineralogical specimens. 

The '94 "Half Shell" has already encountered two rivals in the shape of the 
Sophomore boat and the new one lately purchased by Miss Hill. All three of 
the boats are notable for their length and are furnished with sliding seats. 

Miss May Lemer, '93, and Miss Bancroft, '92, spent Sunday, April 30, at the 

The lecture on Tennyson, delivered Monday evening, April 24, by Prof. Bliss 
Perry of Williams College, was highly appreciated, especially by literature stu- 
dents. Various readings illustrative of the poetic imagination were given from 
the later poems of Tennyson. 

The junior reception to the class of '96 took place Monday afternoon, April 17, 
in the gymnasium. After presentation to the '94 president, the guests were 
seated, and an entertainment in the form of an operetta, entitled the "Rebellion of 
the Daisies," was furnished for their amusement. Later came dancing and 

Monday afternoon, April 24, the zoology class visited the Museum of Compara- 
tive Zoology at Cambridge. 

It has finally been decided that the class of '95 shall be permitted to come 
under the new curriculum, but owing to the fact that their work in Bible has 
been heretofore entirely upon the Old Testament, a course of two periods a week 
is required in that study for next year. 

Crew songs are already being practised for the Float. 


On Monday afternoon, May ist, the members of the faculty gave a reception to 
the class of '93 in the Art Building. A number of outside guests were present. 

The concert for the evening of May 1 was given by the Beacon Male Quartette 
of Boston. As usual, they received a hearty welcome. 

On Saturday evening, April 29, in the Faculty Parlor, Miss Hart gave a de- 
lightful reception to her freshman rhetoric classes. 

Thursday evening, May 4, Prof. Henry Drummond gave a very interesting talk 
in the college chapel. An unusually large audience was present. 

A very pretty affair was the "At Home " given by Miss Trebein, Miss Dennis 
and Miss Simms in the gymnasium, May 8. Dancing began at about three and 
lasted until after five. Upon a table near the entrance stood great masses of pink 
and white roses, and each guest, on taking her leave, received one as a charming 
souvenir of a charming occasion. 

The Art Society gave a delightful reception on May Sth, in the Farnsworth 
Art Building. 

On Monday evening, May 8, our hearts were made to burn within us by Mr. 
Riis' lecture, "The Children of the Poor." Stereopticon views helped to por- 
tray, as mere words cannot, both the darkest and the brightest side of the New 
York slums. 

The class of '96 held its first social on the evening of May 6th. The ingenuity 
of the girls was tested in their guessing the titles of books suggested by simple 

Miss Elizabeth Blakeslee, '94, has been visiting her sister Helen at the college. 

Sunday evening, May 7, Miss Gregg, city missionary of New York for the 
Wellesley College Christian Association, gave a very interesting talk, in the col- 
lege chapel concerning her work. A full attendance testified to the interest of 
the students. 

A formal christening of the sophomore boat took place Friday evening, May 
5. The name chosen is " Soangataha," meaning "brave-hearted." A large 
audience gathered to witness the ceremony, but it is feared that a slight misunder- 
standing prevented some of the college members from being present. A senior 
was heard anxiously inquiring if the christening was to take place in the gym- 



(Sung at the launching of '95's new boat.) 

Hail to our fair Soangataha ! 
Hail to Lake Waban so blue ! 

Waves sparkle bright, 

In silvery light, 
Hail to our brave-hearted crew! 

Hail, hail, speed from the shore ! 

Blithe Soangataha, 

Lithe Soangataha; 
Sail, sail, with glistening oar, 
Joyously float evermore ! 


Waban is kissing a welcome, 
Cloudlets are stooping to see, 

Trees gently sway, 

Th'wind stops his play, 
All give their welcome to thee. 

Long life to thee, Soangataha! 
Blest be each voyage that you make ! 
Swiftly fly on, 
Strong-hearted one, 
Dancing across our bright lake. 

Mary C. Adams, '95. 

On the afternoon of Monday, May i, in the gymnasium, the Wabanites gave 
a charming May-day party, over which their gracious May-queen presided. The 
beautiful May-pole dance, so skilfully executed, was a picturesque feature of the 



^ociefg (Notes. 

The Shakespeare Society held its regular meeting in the Art Library on Satur- 
day evening, April 29. The following was the 


A Study of the Midsummer- Night's Dream. 

Shakespeare News ........ Gertrude Wilson 

The Relation of the Play to Shakespeare's Other Works . Elizabeth Hardee 

Dramatic Structure of the Play . 
Dramatic Representation. 

Midsummer-Night's Dream. 


Thisbe . 



A Study of the Lyrics 
A Study of the Fairies 
Comparison of Puck and Ariel 

Mabel Shuttleworth 

Act V. Scene I. 

Caroline Newman 

Alice Hamlin 

Helen Stahr 

Katharine Lord 

Mabel Shuttleworth 

Louise Pope 

Mabel Wells 

Alice Hunt 

Sketches of the principal characters with general discussion of each. 

At the meeting of the Phi Sigma, April 15th, the subject for discussion was 
Dramatic Monologues Treating of Love. 


1. Studies from the Love Monologues .... Lucy Hartwell 

2. Sequence of Lyrical Monologues, "James Lee's Wife," Susan D. Huntington 

3. Browning's Conception of Love .... Mary E. Dillingham 

4. Evolution of the Dramatic Monologue in Browning's Poetry, 

Katharine Lee Bates 
At the meeting of Phi Sigma, April 22, dramatic monologues treating of reli- 
gion were discussed. 

1. The Religious Teaching of Browning as Found in " The Death 

in the Desert "......... Clara Count 

2. "Saul." A Presentation ....... Helen Foss 

3. Browning's View of life as Expressed in "Rabbi Ben Eyra," Elinor F. Ruddle 

4. Song ........... Helen Foss 

5. "Christmas Eve" and "Easter Day." A study . . Mary H. Holmes 

6. Song .......... Caroline Hough 


The regular meeting of Zeta Alpha was held on May 6, when the following 
programme was presented : — 

Boston Followers of Pythagoras and Phidias. 
Music : Country Dance by Nevins, .... Gertrude Bigelow, '93 

Winifred Augsbury, '95 
Bits from the History of the Musical Societies . . Gertrude Bigelow, '93 

Boston Art and Artists in Painting and Sculpture . . Grace L. Addeman, '95 

Is a Good Musical Education Possible in America? Boston's Answer, 

Elizabeth M. Wood, '94 
Music . . . . . . . . . . Alethea Ledyard, '95 

The Architectural Transition from Puritan Primness to Modern 

Attractiveness ....... Marion N. Wilcox '93 

Miss Ada L. Joslin and Miss Elizabeth Blakeslee, '91, were present at this 

The regular meeting of the Agora was held Saturday evening, April 15. The 
topic for the evening was " Communism," the first form of " Socialism," the sub- 
ject of study for the term. The following was the programme : 
Extemporaneous Speeches on Current Events. 

Recent Western Elections ; their bearing on Woman's Suffrage, 

Mary Young, '95 
Recent Railway Decisions ; their significance . . . Ora Slater, '94 

Anna K. Peterson, '94 
Communism : an Attack on the Present System . . Stella M. Osgood, '94 

Fourier and French Communism ..... Lida A. Bateman, '94 

Owen and English Communism ..... Louise McNair, Sp. 

Communism in the United States ..... Bertha C. Jackson, '94 

Discussion : Causes for the Failure of all Communistic Schemes. 

Leaders J > lia P - Burgess '94 
I Clarissa Bensen, 94 

Miss Katharine Coman was received into the society. Miss Mary Whiton 

Calkins has recently become a member of the society. 

On April 29, in the Art Gallery, Mr. Stetson entertained the society and its 
guests with an account of his trip to Norway. Extracts were read from Mr. 
Stetson's journal, and illustrated by photographs and articles of native manu- 

The members of the society in Norumbega received the society on Saturday 
afternoon, April 29, to meet Mr. Stetson. 


A regular meeting of the Art Society was held April 8th. 


Modern French Sculpture. 

Paper : Classic French Sculpture and its Disciples . . . Miss Pressey 

Paper : Antoine Barye ; his work and influence .... Miss Pond 


Art News Miss Welsh 

Discussion : Comparison of the French and Greek Treatment of 

Mythological Subjects Til Miss Perry 

Leaders f Miss Pen 7 
Leaders, j M[ss Winton 

(ftfumnae (ttofes. 

The Wellesley Club of New York held its last meeting before the summer at 
the home of Miss M. Louise Brown, on Saturday afternoon, April 29. A most 
cordial spirit characterized the meeting. The successes and failures of the year 
past were discussed, and some new plans adopted for the coming year. The fol- 
lowing officers were elected for the year 1893-94: President, Mary A. Edwards; 
vice-president, Harriet F. Husted ; secretary, M. Louise Brown ; treasurer, Helen 
Pierce. Executive committee : chairman, Sarah J. McNary ; M. Augusta John- 
son, Candace Stimson. It is the earnest wish of the New York club that all 
Wellesley girls in or near New York, not already members, will send their names 
to the secretary, Miss M. Louise Brown, 1 West 81st street. 

Mrs. Josephine Newton, '90-'92, spent the first days of May at the college, on 
her way to Chicago. 

The marriage of Miss Mary Emily Cobb, '88-'90, to Mr. John Crosser of Buf- 
falo, N. Y., has been announced for May 18, 1893. 

Cards are out for the wedding of Miss Marion Frances Parker, '91, to Mr. 
William Andrew Perrin of Rochester, N. Y. 

Miss Jane McArthur, '92, after an extended trip through New York, Pennsyl- 
vania and Massachusetts, is soon to visit friends at the college. 

Miss Roberta Allen, who since February has been visiting in Newark, Balti- 
more and Washington, is now with friends at the Navy Yard, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

The meeting of the Boston Branch of the Association of Collegiate Alumnag, 
held April 22, was devoted to studies in sociological work. The following pro- 

410 the wellesley magazine. 

gramme was presented: LePlay's Family Monographs, Miss Emily G. Balch ; 
The Andover House, Mr. Alvan F. Sanborn ; The Salvation Army, Miss Amelia 
L. Owen. Among those present were Mrs. Sarah Woodman Paul, '81 ; Miss 
Florence Bigelow, '84; Miss Helen J. Sanborn, '84; Mrs. Susan Maine Silver, 
'86 ; Miss Retta Winslow, '88 ; Miss Martha Goddard, '92 ; Miss Geraldine Long- 
ley, '92 ; and Miss Maude Keller, '92. 

On May 4 the members of '90, who were in the vicinity of the college, met for 
an informal reunion with their honorary member, Prof. Henry Drummond. 
The following members of the class were present: Miss Mabel Curtiss, Miss 
Carol Dresser, Miss Ruth S. Damon, Miss Rosa Dean, Miss Lena Brown, Miss 
Charlotte Greenbank, Miss Ida Wallace, Miss Mary Fitch, Miss Anne Bosworth, 
Miss Annie •Smith, Miss May Hamilton and Miss Mary Barrows. 

At the reception given by the faculty on May 1st, the following among the 
alumnae were present : Miss Laura Parker, '87 ; Mrs. Alice Vaut George, '87 ; 
Miss May Gilman, '88 ; Miss Mary Sawyer, '88 ; Miss Essie Thayer, '89 ; Miss. 
Clara Mowry, '89; Miss Caroline Williamson, '89; Miss Josephine Thayer, '92. 

Mrs. Mabel Nevins Mather, '87, has moved to Cambridge. 

Mrs. Henrietta Wells Livermore, '87, is visiting her former home in Cam- 

Miss Edith True, '87, and Miss Mary Stewart, '84-'88, spent the afternoon of 
April 29 at the college. 

Mrs. Mary Walker Porter's ('89) address is now 418 Henny street, Brooklyn, 
N. Y., or 29 Broadway, N. Y. City. 

Miss Louise H. R. Grieves, student at Wellesley, '83-'84, expects to finish the 
medical course at the Women's Medical College this month. 

Miss Hester Nichols, '84, is lady principal at Nichols' Academy, Dudley, Mass. 

It is announced that Miss Gelston, a former teacher of Greek at Wellesley, is. 
to be married in September. 

Miss Mira Jacobus, formerly of '92, is teaching a few hours a day in the public 
schools of East Los Angeles, Cal. 

Harriet Pierce, '88, is studying at the college during the spring term. 

Leona Lebus, '89, is teaching in the Los Angeles High School. 

Miss Harriet Lathrop Merrow, 'S6, is at college expecting to take her Master's 
degree in June. She has studied cryptogamic botany at Michigan University, 
and under Prof. Seymour of Harvard. 



Coffege Q&uffefm. 

May 14. Rev. H. P. Dewey of Concord, N. H., preaches in the chapel. 

May 15. Concert. 

May 21. Dr. William H. Willcox of Maiden preaches in the chapel. 

May 22. Junior Temperance Debate. 

May 29. Glee Club Concert. 

June 4. Dr. Alexander McKenzie of Cambridge preaches in the chapel. 

June 5. Concert. 

June 6. Examinations begin. 

June 11. G. B. Willcox of Chicago Theological Seminary preaches in the 

••• NOTICE. ••• 

(ij)HAT the Philadelphia Ice Cream 
Co. not only serves a nice quality of Ice 
Cream, but we wish to call your attention 
to their Ice Cream Soda which is served 
at their store, 


When you are in town call on them. 

(Wellesley Preparatory) 

Auburndale, Mass. 

This School, which was opened in October, 
1882, has for its special design the preparation [of 
girls for Wellesley and other colleges. 

The school is also intended for those who, not 
contemplating a college course, desire thorough in- 
struction in special branches. 

The classes in Latin, Greek, and Mathematics 
are under the charge of graduates of Wellesley 

The instruction in German and French is given 
by native teachers. 

The number of resident pupils is limited to 
twenty-five, who are under the personal care of the 

The price for board and tuition in all branches, 
except Music and Art, is $450 for the school year, 
which opens the first Thursday in October and closes 
the third Thursday in June. Early application is 
necessary to admission. 





Born, March 4, 1893, a son to Mrs. Christabel Lee Safford, '88. 
Born April 22, 1883, a daughter, Calma, to Mrs. Nellie Wright Howe, 


In Boston, April 3, 1893, Helen E. Clay, sister of Blanch L. Clay, '92. 

Franklin Rubber Go. 



{Near Washington Street) 



AND . . . 

* * 

Bcfi>k%' §mt 

d3oob0 * 

t * 



- <»*■ - 

Everything Made 

of Rubber. 




u*J m^*- r v w **s w * 




\nhia ||oob<> 

Offer an unequalled line of small but pretty 
and inexpensive conceits and notions of Japanese 
manufacture, suitable for prizes, favors, etc. 

54 Summer Street, 

Boston, Mass. 

n Qi 4\n< 

ameson tyi <i\nowles VJompany, 

Importers and Retailers of 


15 Winter Street, BOSTON. 

Special attention given to young people's Fancy 
Dress Shoes. 

Usual College Discounts given. 

H. H. Carter & Co., 

Stationers and Engravers, 


20 per cent Discount 

on purchases made by 

Students from Wellesley College. 

3 Beacon Street, 

Your attention i3 called to our stock of 


Toilet and Desk Funishings in Sterling and Plated Silver. 


Marble and Iron Clocks, $6.00 to $20.00. 

Stock in all departments always complete. 

A, Stowell & Co,, 

24 Winter Street, = = = = = = BOSTON. 

New Pictures. 

Etchings, Engravings, Photographs, just 
received from the best American, English, French, 
and German publishers. 

The largest and finest stock to select from in 
New England, — and prices satisfactory. 

Special attention to Artistic Framing. 

190 Boylston Street, - - Boston. 

Artists' Materials. 

drafting instruments. 

Art Studies and Books. 

Oil and Water Colors; Crayons; Materials 
for Tapestry, Painting, etc. 

Wadsmorth, Holland & Co., 

82 & 84 Washington St., Boston. 
Principal Factories, i MAL g^ ls ^ A M s ^ NE . 


A. N. Cook & Co., 

Importers, Manufacturers, Jobbers and Dealers in 


Fine Hats and Fine Furs, 

Umbrellas, Parasols and Canes. 

377 & 379 Washington St., 

Opp. Franklin St., BOSTON. 

Special attention given to covering and repairing. 



9 Temple Place, 




Gloves and Veiling. 

(T)iss /I). F- F is K> 


fetalis tfje ediznriar) at irje yauna LSaaias fa guv slock at rjia, LArjaressea ijia, ana Daa ©kin (srlavas, 

irjaf ape suitable Top all occasions, e/llso fa rjep "^r^y Jaecarniria sfeclj at Ueilinas. 

e/lna salicifs irjeir pafrarjaae, ana will eriviz la any a| trje ©Puaents © per cent, discount. 


by people who have tried it that the quickest and surest relief for 
all Bronchial affections, Coughs, Husldness, etc., is 

Bronchial Cough 

It was never advertised until the demand from the successful use 
of the Syrup promised its general use. 

Physicians, Ministers, Public Speakers, Singers, are now sending 
for it from all parts of the United States. 

25 Cents a Bottle at Druggists. 

PHysician s> Prescriptions carefully prepared. All the Drugs 
snd ' >ruggists' Sundries needed in the home always in stock. 

\VM. A. CHAPIN, Apothecary, 

Under y. S. Hotel, Boston. 




Opposite Railroad Station, Wellesley. 

Cut Flowers and Plants of the Choicest Varieties on 
hand. Floral designs for all occasions arranged at 
shortest notice. Orders by mail or otherwise promptly- 
attended to. Flowers carefully packed and forwarded to 
all parts of the United States and Canada. 

in all Departments 
of Literature . . 

can be found at our store. The largest 
assortment in Boston of the popular and 
standard authors. Also a large variety at 
special reductions. Large variety of Bibles, 
Prayer Books, Booklets, etc. 


De Wolfe, piske & Go., 

The Archway Bookstore, 

361 & 365 Washington Street, 


/T\r5. U/. B. (^roe^er, 

Importer and Designer of 

fine * QUiCCinet:^ 

494 Washington St., Boston. 



Wellesley Pharmacy, 

<Z\\f\$. U/. p^V, proprietor. 


Physicians' Prescriptions a Specialty. 

Finest Roadbed on the Continent. 




First Glass Through Gar Route 

To tlae West. 

Through Trains leave Boston as follows: 

8.30 a. m. (ex. Sunday) Day Express. 
10.30 a. m. (daily) Chicago Special. 
2.00 p. m. (daily) North Shore Limited. 
3.00 p. m. (ex. Sunday) St. Louis 

5.00 p. m. (daily) Cincinnati and St. Louis Special. 
7.15 p. m. (daily) Pacific Express. 

Springfield Line 


Hartford, New Haven and New York. 



9.00 A. M. (ex. Sunday) 3.30 P. M. 

i 1.00 A. M. (ex. Sunday) 5-30 P. M. 

*12.00 Noon (ex. Sunday) 5.40 P. M. 

4.00 P. M. (daily) 10.00 P. M. 

11.00 P. M. (daily) 7.41 A. M. 

*This train in composed entirely of drawing-room 
cars, and special ticket which entitles holder to seat 
in drawing-room car required ; tickets will not be 
sold beyond seating capacity of train. 

For tickets, information, time-tables, etc., 
apply to nearest ticket agent. 



Imagine this stately Morris Chair in your 
sitting room. How it will change the present 
appearance of the room ! 

These Morris Chairs have a reputation for 
comfort unequalled by any other shape of seat. 
The back is adjustable at three angles, convert- 
ing it from a reading chair to a lounging or 

reclining chair. 

e offering these at 
ONLY $23. 

Solid English Oak 

; * frame — broad arms 
— polished brass 
rod — upholstered 
in curled hair and 
tufted — covered 
with corduroy. 

Paine's Furniture Go. 

48 Canal Street, Boston. 

South Side Boston & Maine Depot. 

Fine Carpets. 

The finest line of specialties in 

Axminsters, Wiltons, and 
Brussels Carpets 

ever offered by us. 
These are all our patterns, with a full line of the 



'arp.ets .'. and. 






163 to 169 WASHINGTON ST., 

For Fine 



21 Temple Place, 






Discount to Wellesley Students. 

walnut hill 
Wellesley * Preparatory, 



Thorough preparation for Wellesley and other 

Colleges for Women. 

References : — Pres. Shafer, Wellesley College, 
the Misses Eastman, Dana Hall, and others. 

Circulars on application. 

Miss Charlotte H. Conant, B.A., ) Pr : nr .: mk 

MISS FLORENCE BlGELOW, M.A., } ' nnci P dlb - 

Cotrell & Leonard, 





Illustrated Catalogue and particulars 
on application. 

AN IDEAL STUB PEN — Esterbrook's Jackson Stub, No. 442. 
A specially EASY WRITER, a GOOD INK HOLDER and a DELIGHT to those 
who use a STUB PEN. ASK YOUR STATIONER FOR THEM. Price, $1.00 
per gross. THE ESTERBROOK STEEL PEN CO., 26 John St., New York. 

jJWl£kw 8c 

Manufacturers and Dealers in 


Steam Launches, Sail Boats, Row Boats, Canoes. 

First-class work done at reasonable rates. Particular attention given to Light Cedar Boats and Canoes. 

The Director of the Gymnasium and the Captains of the Boat-crews testify to the 
satisfaction which our work has given in Wellesley. 

Warerooms, 394 Atlantic Ave., 


Harriette Anthony, 



Studio, 154 Tremont Street, 



5^EJ/E, <^U/T\p 9 COU/ QO., 

147 Tremont Street, Corner of West, 

Jewellers and Silversmiths. 


PROGRAMS and INVITATIONS, both printed and engraved. Class Day programs a specialty. 

CLASS PINS designed and manufactured to order. 

PARASOLS and UMBRELLAS made to order, re-covered and repaired. 

bhauch of sea // '46 Tremont St. 

Broadway, n. y. f BOSTON 

I^Gipe, ?pe§h cn?e( ©elieioas ©ar?die§. I 

>r;oice ^election of Kancy Daskets, Boxes and Uonbonnleres constantly 
on panel at very reasonable prices. 

Pleasurable Exercise. 





■ ?■!• 


The gymnasium is now universally recog- 
nized as a necessary adjunct to a college 
education. But there comes a time when the 
weather is too warm and outdoors too inviting 
to work inside. Then what is better for all- 
around exercise than the bicycle ? It will 
take you swiftly along the smooth streets 
of the city or carry you out into the 
fresh air of the open country. Back again 
to your study 


with clear brain and quiet nerves. But your 
nerves will not be quiet if your bicycle does ! 
not run easily, so get a Columbia, for Colum- -^= 
bias run easiest, wear longest, and look the t^ 
best. -% 

Have you ever thought of taking a bicycle ^ 
tour during vacation ? 

We have a finely illustrated book about "*""--T- 
Columbia bicycles. Send to us for one. 

n/^nn Ti/icrr rr\ boston, new york, 

IrvJr^E, iYlrvJ. C\J., Chicago, hartford. 


Reasons why this Bureau has gained and 
deserves the Confidence and Patronage 
of so large a Constituency of Teachers 
and School Officers all over the Nation : 

( 1 ) Because it is the oldest Teachers' Agency in New 

England, having been established in 1875. 

(2) Because its Manager for the last eleven years is 

a professional educator, and has become 
familiar with the conditions and wants of every 
grade of schools, and the necessary qualifica- 
tions of teachers. 

(3) Because the number of our candidates is large 

and embraces many of the ablest teachers, 
male and female, in the profession. 

(4) Because all applications for teachers receive 

prompt and careful attention. 

( 5 ) Because our pledges for fair dealing and devotion 

to the interests of our patrons have been 

No charge to School Officers. Forms and 
circulars sent FREE. Register now for the Autumn 
vacancies for Winter and Spring as well, as the de- 
mand is constant. Apply to 

3 Somerset Street, Boston. 








£ F Bruises 


It -will Cure. 

Richard Briggs & Go. 

Washington and School Sts. 

Announce the opening and display of the most beautiful 

collection of China and Glass ever 

shown by them. 

Crown Derby, Royal Worcester, 

Coalport, Cauldon, 

Wedgwood, Copeland, 



Paris, Limoges, 

Carlsbad, Delft, 

Pirkenhammer, Bonn, Dresden. 

Special attention has been given to the 
selection of medium priced articles . . 
They also show many new pieces of 
their famous "Chrysanthemum'''' cutting 
of RICH CUT CRYSTAL. They are 
receiving almost daily supplies from the 
Rockwood Pottery Co 

' ' ft is really the best. 

There are many 

toilet creams, but none that equal the new 



which is the only cream that will keep the 
skin soft and smooth, and contains abso- 
lutely no poison, oil, acid, or glycerine. 
All druggists sell it. 

Price 50 cents and $1.00. 


©ana §aCC «§c§oof, 


•*• + ■*■ + 

Pupils are prepared for regular or for special 
courses at Wellesley College. 

+ •*■•*•# 

Price for Board and Tuition, $500 for the 
school year ; tuition for day pupils, $125. 

4. •$• ■$• ■*• 

For further information, address the Principals : 

Julia A. Eastman. 
Sarah P. Eastman. 

Woodward's Soda Water 

The kind that Cools. 

Woodward 's Ice Cream Soda 

Is a good luncheon. 



100 & 102 TREMONT STREET. 


ff^eelical S©11< 

©irjiar) s rr/eoiceu ^©iieqc 


Session '92-'93 opens October 1st, 1892. Three years Graded Course. Instruction by Lectures, Clinics, 
Recitations and practical work, under supervision in Laboratories and Dispensary of College, and in U. S. 
Infirmary. Clinics and operations in most of the City Hospitals and Dispensaries open to Women Students. 
For Catalogues etc., address 


321 East ljth Street, New York. 

1— — ——«,! 1 M — —— — —— —Mi 

Would You Like a Better Wheel 

than the COLUMBIA ? 
It couldn't be had. 

HE. They say that college 
girls don't keep up with the 

SHE. Oh, but that isn't true. 
We know with all the rest of 
the world that the Columbia is 
the wheel to get for '93. 

HE. Yes, it takes the lead. 

Catalogues free. 

For the Columbia is strong, 
light, swift, and easy. 

Free instruction to purchasers. 
All orders promptly attended to. 

D. Daekett, Agt, 


Yes, lots of them. 

Big lamps to stand on the floor. 

Medium sized lamps to put on tables. 

Little lamps to go and sit in a corner with 

when you don't feel sociable. 

All these and many more. 

Buy one if you want to make your room 

Never before was there such variety of design, 
or such beauty of execution. 
Never were the shades so artistic. 
Never were the prices so low. 
Come and see. 



523-525 Washington Street. 

Opposite R. H. Whit* * Co.'s. 


Our Fall Importations have come, and the assortment, both as to qualities and shades, is very com- 
plete. Special attention is called to the following grades : 

" LENOX." — This is our own exclusive make of Glove. It has given thorough satisfaction to 
our best customers for several years. It is a strictly first quality Suede Glove. This season's importation 
includes all the staple shades and some new shades. The following styles are very popular : 7-Hook 
Foster Lacing at $1.65 per pair, and 6-Button Mousquetaire at $1.75 per pair. We also carry this last 
Glove in lengths from 4 to 30 Buttons. 

DENT'S LONDON GLOVES.— We make a specialty of Dent's English Gloves. They 
are specially adapted for Driving and for Street Wear. This season's importation includes a popular style 
of Castor Gloves at $1.00 per pair. 



Tremont Street & Temple Place, BOSTON. 


Boston and Brookline, Mass. 

open every Monday and Tuesday. 

Duplicates of last year portraits and Tree-day 
groups can be had at the Wellesley Studio. 


French Dyeing and Cleansing 

LARGEST IN AMERICA. Established 1829. 


17 Temple Place, Boston. 
365 Fifth Avenue, New York. 


284 Boylston Street, Back Bay. Opening Feb. 14, 1893. 

2206 Washington Street, Boxbury, 1350a Beacon Street, Brookline. 
398 Broadway, So. Boston. 412 Harvard Street, Cambridge. 


Bundles Called for and Delivered Free.